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US manufacturing industry expands for first time since September 2022

WASHINGTON (AFP) – United States (US) manufacturing expanded last month for the first time since September 2022, according to industry data published on Monday, with positive demand and strong output helping to snap 16 straight months of contraction.

The data underscores the enduring strength of the US economy despite elevated interest rates, which is good news for Joe Biden as he seeks to talk up his record ahead of the November presidential election.

But it also highlights the challenges the US Federal Reserve (Fed) faces as it debates when to start cutting interest rates in a way that doesn’t cause a fresh surge in inflation.

The Institute for Supply Management (ISM) said its manufacturing index hit 50.3 per cent last month, pushing it above the 50-point mark that separates expansion from contraction.

This was sharply above February’s figure of 47.8 per cent, and was also higher than market expectations of continued contraction, according to

“Demand was positive, output strengthened and inputs remained accommodative,” ISM survey chief Timothy Fiore said in a statement explaining why the manufacturing sector returned to growth.

“Demand remains at the early stages of recovery, with clear signs of improving conditions,” he continued, adding that production execution had surged in comparison to January and February”.

File photo of a man working in paper production. PHOTO: AFP