QAMISHLI, SYRIA (AFP) – Children of foreign extremists play football on a dirt field at a centre in northeastern Syria that Kurdish authorities hope will help rehabilitate minors raised on Islamic State (IS) group ideology.
More than 50 boys aged 11-17, some with parents hailing from Britain, France, Germany or the United States (US), live at the heavily -guarded Orkesh rehabilitation centre near the city of Qamishli, close to the Turkish border.
Opened six months ago, it is the first facility seeking to rehabilitate foreign boys in the Kurdish administered northeast, where prisons and camps are packed with thousands of IS group relatives from more than 60 countries.
Another centre opened its doors in 2017 to rehabilitate young former extremists. The success of the centres is crucial to “saving the region from the emergence of a new generation of extremists”, said co-chair of the Kurdish administration’s office of justice and reform affairs, Khaled Remo.
Some of the boys wearing tracksuits played table football in one of the rooms, while others kicked around a ball outside in the sun, talking to one another in broken Arabic.
Once the boys turn 18, they will need a new rehabilitation programme or for their home countries to take them back.
“We don’t want the kids to stay permanently in these centres, but diplomatic efforts are slow, and many children need rehabilitation,” Remo said.
Kurdish-led forces, supported by a US-led coalition, spearheaded the fight against IS in Syria, driving the group from its last redoubt in the country in 2019.
Tens of thousands of people, including relatives of suspected extremists, have been detained ever since in the Kurdish-controlled Al-Hol and Roj camps, including around 10,000 foreigners in Al-Hol alone.
While girls are also in the camps, this rehabilitation centre focusses on boys because they would be who IS remnants – now in hideouts in the desert – would recruit to fight if they could, Remo said.
Kurdish authorities have repeatedly called on countries to repatriate their citizens, but foreign governments have allowed only a trickle to return home, fearing security threats and domestic political backlash.
The boys at the rehabilitation centre were transferred from Al-Hol and Roj, authorities said, as well as from the Ghwayran prison, where hundreds were killed after extremists stormed it early last year.
Some with their heads shaved or wearing beanies attend classes in Arabic and English, learning mathematics, drawing and even music.
Inside one classroom, the boys fiddled around with crayons, one teenager drawing the sunset in shades of orange and pink. Later that day, they were learning to count in English, repeating the numbers after their female teacher.
The facility also has dormitories, recreation areas and a dining hall, and the boys can play chess or watch documentary films and cartoons.
The centre’s goal is to prepare the boys “to integrate into their communities in the future”, said the head of the project Aras Darwish.
“Our goal is to offer psychosocial and educational support,” Darwish said of the centre, which provides individual and group therapy sessions.
The boys are also encouraged to draw in order to express their feelings and deal with memories, he said, pointing to a room decorated with drawings of trees, cars and houses.
Save the Children in December warned that around 7,000 children of suspected foreign extremists were “trapped in desperate conditions and put at risk on a daily basis” in overcrowded detention camps in northeast Syria. Al-Hol is notorious for violence, with killings and attacks even targetting children, guards and humanitarian workers.
Children in Al-Hol “are in daily danger of indoctrination to violence”, the US military’s Central Command said in a statement on Saturday, adding that teenagers with foreign parents “expressed a desire to return to their country of origin”.
Russia repatriated 49 orphans aged between five and 15 from Roj and Al-Hol on Saturday, Kurdish administration and Russian officials said.
In a meeting with the Russian delegation, foreign affairs official Roubil Biho accused the wider international community of “negligence… and not assuming its responsibilities”.
In early March, United Nations (UN) chief Antonio Guterres called for the swift repatriation of foreigners from Al-Hol.
Counsellor at the Orkesh centre Reem al-Hassan said the programme was working, albeit slowly.
“We can see a big difference in the kids compared to when they first came,” she said.
“At first, some of them refused to take part in classes with women teachers,” she said, as extremists had imposed a strict segregation of genders when they controlled territory in Syria and Iraq.
“But the situation is better now – we see gradual, if slow, improvement.”