Sunday, March 3, 2024
28 C
Brunei Town

Monetary disputes, quick resolutions

Inside the world of small claims tribunal

A Small Claims Tribunal (SCT) is a specialised legal forum designed to provide a simplified and accessible avenue for individuals to resolve relatively small monetary disputes.        

The primary purpose of an SCT is to offer a quicker and less formal process compared to traditional court systems, allowing individuals to seek resolution for claims within a specified monetary limit, which varies by jurisdiction.

The SCT is typically established to handle disputes involving smaller amounts of money, providing an alternative to the more complex and time-consuming procedures of regular courts. The specific jurisdiction and monetary limit of the SCT vary by country or region.

In many cases, the SCT process is characterised by streamlined procedures, informal hearings, and lower costs, making it more feasible for individuals without legal representation to navigate the dispute resolution process. Key features of a SCT often include simplified rules of evidence, relaxed formalities, and an emphasis on conciliation or mediation to encourage amicable settlements.

This approach aims to make the legal process more accessible to the average person, allowing them to address disputes without the need for extensive legal knowledge or representation. The decisions of an SCT are typically final, but some jurisdictions may provide limited avenues for appeal under certain circumstances. Overall, the SCT serves as a vital platform, empowering individuals to seek resolution in disputes involving amounts up to BND10,000.

This article aims to offer a detailed exploration of the essential stages within the SCT process, guiding individuals through the entire journey from the initiation of a claim to a nuanced understanding of order enforcement.

Additionally, we will delve into the potential avenues available for appeals, thereby providing a comprehensive overview of how the SCT functions as an accessible and effective mechanism for dispute resolution.


Starting a claim

Initiating a claim within the SCT commences with the claimant formally submitting a claim, accompanied by the requisite filing fee.

This crucial step officially places the claim within the jurisdiction of the tribunal.

The SCT, designed to simplify the legal process, offers individuals a user-friendly mechanism to pursue resolution for their grievances, avoiding the intricacies associated with more complex legal procedures.

This initial filing sets the stage for a streamlined and accessible dispute resolution process tailored to the specific needs of individuals seeking redress within the prescribed monetary limits of the SCT.


Responding to a claim

When faced with a claim, the respondent has the opportunity to respond by filing a counterclaim.                          

This option comes into play when the Respondent asserts a legitimate claim against the claimant within the same subject matter of the dispute.

The introduction of counterclaims enhances the fairness of the process, as it ensures that both parties are afforded the chance to present their respective perspectives and arguments.

This dual mechanism not only promotes equity but also contributes to a more comprehensive and just resolution of the overall dispute.



Consultation is a mandatory phase for disputing parties, wherein they must participate in a session facilitated by a registrar at the specified date and time indicated in the Notice of Consultation.

The primary objective of this phase is to foster amicable resolutions by providing a platform for the parties to engage in discussions under the guidance of an impartial third party.

The consultation process underscores the significance of communication and mutual understanding as pivotal elements in the resolution of conflicts, aiming to facilitate a constructive dialogue that can lead to a mutually agreeable outcome.



In the event that the consultation proves unsuccessful in reaching an agreement, the case is subsequently escalated to an adjudicator for a formal hearing.

In this hearing, both parties are afforded the chance to present evidence and articulate arguments in support of their respective cases.                  

The adjudicator, functioning as an impartial decision-maker, meticulously evaluates the presented information before arriving at a verdict.

This crucial stage guarantees a fair and comprehensive scrutiny of the facts, thereby enhancing the credibility of the SCT’s.


Enforcement of orders

Following a successful resolution, the plaintiff has the option to pursue the enforcement of the tribunal’s order against the defendant.

This step ensures the implementation of the agreed-upon terms, thereby bringing necessary closure to the dispute.

The enforcement process serves to fortify the SCT’s decisions, underscoring that its rulings are not mere recommendations but binding directives with tangible consequences.



In cases where a party expresses dissatisfaction with the decision rendered by the SCT, there exists an avenue for appeal to the High Court.                            

This protective measure empowers individuals to request a review of the tribunal’s verdict, reinforcing the commitment to maintaining a just and transparent legal process.

The appeal process within the SCT emphasises the dedication to fairness, allowing parties to contest decisions they perceive as unjust or erroneous. The SCT plays a pivotal role in delivering accessible and efficient dispute resolution for small-scale claims.

With a comprehensive understanding of the key stages in the SCT process, individuals can navigate the system confidently, secure in the knowledge that it provides a fair and transparent mechanism for resolving conflicts.

Whether through amicable consultation or a formal hearing, the SCT stands as a stalwart pillar of justice, ensuring individuals have a platform to address their grievances in a straightforward and equitable manner.

The SCT’s commitment to fairness and accessibility reinforces its role as a reliable institution for resolving disputes effectively and fairly. – Rizal Faisal