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Millions of Muslims commemorate Aidiladha amid high prices

MINA, SAUDI ARABIA (AP) – Millions of Muslims across the globe – including in countries like Afghanistan, Libya, Egypt, Kenya and Yemen – celebrated Aidiladha yesterday, one of the biggest holidays of the Islamic calendar.

Known as the “Feast of Sacrifice”, the revered observance coincides with the final rites of the annual haj in Saudi Arabia. It’s a joyous occasion, for which food is a hallmark. Much of Asia, including Indonesia, India and Pakistan, will observe the holiday today.

But as Russia’s war in Ukraine sends food prices soaring and causes widespread hardship across the Middle East, many say they can’t afford the livestock for the ritual sacrifice. Desperation over the cost of living has undercut the typically booming holiday trade in goats, cows and sheep.

“Everyone wants to sacrifice an animal in the name of Allah, but they are not able to do so because they’re poor,” said Mohammad Nadir from a cattle market in Mazar-e-Sharif, northern Afghanistan, where a few men haggled over bleating sheep.

Many Muslims celebrate the four-day feast by ritually slaughtering livestock and distributing the meat among family, friends and the poor.

People watch butchers slaughter sheep on the first day of Aidiladha in Istanbul, Turkey. PHOTO: AP

At al-Shati refugee camp in west Gaza City yesterday, excited children lined up for the innards and trotters – a cherished offering for those otherwise unable to afford meat.

In cash-strapped Afghanistan, there is usually a shopping rush for prime animals ahead of the holiday. But this year, galloping global inflation and economic devastation after the Taleban takeover have put a purchase of great religious importance beyond the reach of many.

“Last year on this day I sold 40 to 50 cattle,” said Mohammad Qassim, an Afghan cattle vendor. “This year, I have only managed to sell two.”

Wheat and meat prices have multiplied and hunger has spread as Russia’s war on Ukraine disrupts agriculture and constrains energy supply. The sky-high costs of animal feed and fertiliser have forced livestock salesmen to hike prices.

From Tripoli in war-torn Libya, families are looking forward to the holiday after the past two years of the pandemic and more than a decade of violent chaos. But the price tags – up to USD2,100 per sheep – had buyers pacing around the dusty market near the palm-studded highway, apprehensive about the major purchase.

“Honestly, the prices are crazy,” said Sabri al-Hadi, seeming exasperated.

At a livestock market in the blockaded Gaza Strip, there were hardly any buyers. Vendors said the price of sheep feed has jumped four fold in recent weeks.

“Our life is full of loss,” lamented Abu Mustafa, a sheep salesman in Deir al-Balah in central Gaza, which long has suffered from widespread joblessness and poverty.

On the streets of Ramallah, in the West Bank, Palestinian families were cutting back on other components of the feast – typically a bounty of dishes, from offal to kaak and maamoul holiday cookies.

“On days like these, there was demand for fruits, sweets and for nuts as well, but as you can see… no one is standing to buy now,” complained fruit vendor Baligh Hamdi.

But lavish feast or no, there were community prayers – a welcome sight in much of the world after years of coronavirus-related restrictions. The faithful crowded into mosques across the Middle East and North Africa yesterday.

From Kenya to Russia to Egypt, throngs of worshippers prayed shoulder to shoulder, feet to feet.

“I feel very happy that all these people came to pray,” said Sahar Mohamed in Cairo, smiling widely. “There is love and acceptance between people.”

In Saudi Arabia, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims rose at dawn to trek to Mina, a wide valley ringed by barren mountains where Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) stopped on his route some 1,400 years ago. One million Muslims from around the world flocked this week to the holy city of Makkah, the largest pilgrimage since the pandemic upended the event.