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Energy Chief Granholm touts USD3 billion plan to boost EV batteries

WASHINGTON (AP) – Continuing its push to dramatically boost sales of electric vehicles, the Biden administration on Monday announced USD3.1 billion in funding to United States (US) companies that make and recycle lithium-ion batteries.

The investments from last year’s USD1 trillion infrastructure law are separate from an executive order US President Joe Biden issued this spring, invoking the Defense Production Act boost production of lithium and other critical minerals used to power electric vehicles.

Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm said the new programme will offer grants to companies that process or recycle battery components to increase domestic supplies of a market now dominated by China and other countries. The grants will help strengthen US energy independence and support Biden’s goal to have electric vehicles make up half of all vehicles sales in America by 2030, she said.

Electric vehicles accounted for 4.2 per cent of US new vehicle sales in the first quarter of this year, according to Edmunds.com.

“Positioning the US front and centre in meeting the growing demand for advanced batteries is how we boost our competitiveness and electrify our transportation system,” Granholm said in a statement.

Granholm, a former Michigan governor, announced the battery initiative during a visit to her home state to highlight clean-energy provisions in the bipartisan infrastructure law Biden signed in November.

Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm. PHOTO: AP

The grant programme “will give our domestic supply chain the jolt it needs to become more secure and less reliant on other nations’’, while creating good-paying jobs and reducing planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions, she said.

“We need a lot of batteries. And we want American workers making those batteries right here in America,’’ added Biden’s climate adviser Gina McCarthy at a separate briefing on Monday at the White House.

The USD3 billion will be allocated as grants to as many as 30 companies, officials said, and represents nearly half of USD7 billion approved under the infrastructure law to improve the domestic battery supply chain.

Companies will be required to match grants on a 50-50 basis, with a minimum USD50 million investment, the Energy Department (DOE) said. The money will go to companies that can create new, retrofitted or expanded processing facilities as well as battery recycling programmes, the department said.

The focus on battery processing and recycling is part of a broader effort by Biden to shift the country away from gas-powered cars to electric vehicles and combat climate change.

A March 31 executive order intended to increase mining of lithium and other critical minerals does not waive or suspend existing environmental and labour standards, the White House said. Nor does it address the chief hurdle to increased domestic mining: the years-long process needed to obtain a federal permit for a new mine.

Even so, the mining industry and supporters in Congress cheered Biden’s use of the Defense Production Act. President and CEO of the National Mining Association Rich Nolan called it a historic step by the White House to “recognise the critical importance of minerals and push to electrify the car industry?.

But unless the administration also moves to speed approvals of new hardrock mines, “we risk feeding the minerals dominance of geopolitical rivals? such as China and Russia, Nolan said.

As of March 31, more than 2.5 million plug-in electric vehicles have been sold in America, with more than 800,000 of those having been sold since Biden took office, the DOE said. Battery costs have fallen more than 90 per cent since 2008, while performance has increased.

“The future of mobility is electric,’’ said Senator Gary Peters who appeared with Granholm at an event in Lansing, Michigan. The energy grants “could help to ensure Michigan remains on the forefront of innovation by shoring up our supply chains for advanced battery technologies necessary to deploy the next all-electric fleet”, he said.

US automakers applauded the grant programme.

“Ensuring a steady and reliable supply of locally-made EV batteries, battery components and processed minerals will be vital as Ford leads the electric vehicle revolution,’’ said chief policy officer at Ford Motor Co Steven Croley.

“The US is finally getting into the global battery race and broader race for the future,’’ said vice president of critical minerals strategy Abigail Wulf at SAFE, a nonpartisan group that advocates US energy and transportation security.

“It’s now up to DOE to get the money out the door to projects that will make us stronger in the short- and long-term,’’ she said, and “help make sure the US isn’t just playing catch-up, but leading.’’

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