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A look at some of world’s major crowd disasters

MALANG, INDONESIA (AP) – Police fired tear gas after riots broke out at an Indonesian football match in East Java province when Persebaya Surabaya beat Arema Malang 3-2.

Panic and a rush for the exit left at least 125 people dead, most of whom were trampled, police said yesterday. Here’s a look at some of the major crowd disasters in recent decades.

DECEMBER 3, 1979 – Eleven people are killed as thousands of fans rush to get into a concert by The Who at Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati.

JANUARY 20, 1980 – A temporary four-storey wooden stadium collapses at a bullfight in Sincelejo, Colombia, killing some 200 people.

OCTOBER 20, 1982 – Sixty-six people died in a crush of fans leaving a UEFA Cup match between Spartak Moscow and Haarlem at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.

MAY 28, 1985 – Thirty-nine people died in fan violence at the 1985 European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus at Heysel Stadium in Brussels.

MARCH 13, 1988 – Ninety-three people are killed when thousands of football fans surge into locked stadium exits to escape a sudden hailstorm in Kathmandu, Nepal.

ABOVE & BELOW: Security officers detain a fan during a clash at Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang, East Java, Indonesia; and a security guard and an unidentified man look at an area where several people were killed as they were caught in a surging crowd entering Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum for a concert by The Who. PHOTOS: AP

Stewards and supporters tend and care for wounded supporters on the field at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, England

APRIL 15, 1989 – Ninety-seven people died and hundreds are injured in a crush of fans at overcrowded Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England. One victim died in 2021 of aspiration pneumonia, to which he had been vulnerable because of injuries from the disaster.

JULY 2, 1990 – During the annual Haj in Saudi Arabia, 1,426 Muslim pilgrims, mainly from Asia, died in and around a long pedestrian tunnel leading from Makkah to Mina.

JANUARY 13, 1991 – Forty-two people are killed when fans try to escape brawls at Oppenheimer Stadium in South Africa.

MAY 23, 1994 – A crush of pilgrims at the Haj leaves 270 Muslim pilgrims dead.

NOVEMBER 23, 1994 – A panicked crush during a political protest in Nagpur, India, leaves 113 dead.

OCTOBER 16, 1996 – Eighty-four people died and 147 are injured as panicked fans are crushed and smothered before a World Cup qualifier between Guatemala and Costa Rica in Guatemala City.

APRIL 9, 1998 – A crush of pilgrims on a bridge in Makkah leaves 118 Haj pilgrims dead.

APRIL 11, 2001 – At least 43 people are crushed to death during a football match at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.

MAY 9, 2001 – More than 120 people are killed when police fire tear gas into the crowd in a stadium in Accra, Ghana, leading to panic.

FEBRUARY 17, 2003 – Twenty-one are crushed to death in the exit to an entertainment venue in Chicago.

FEBRUARY 20, 2003 – Stage pyrotechnics during a Great White concert at an entertainment venue in Warwick, Rhode Island, spark a fire that kills 100 people and injures more than 200 others.

FEBRUARY 1, 2004 – A panic during a Haj ritual at the Jamarat Bridge near Makkah leaves 251 dead.

JANUARY 25, 2005 – A panic among Hindu pilgrims near Mandhradevi temple in Maharashtra, India, leaves 265 people dead.

AUGUST 31, 2005 – At least 640 Shiite Muslim pilgrims in Baghdad are killed when a railing on a bridge collapses during a procession, sending scores into the Tigris River.

JANUARY 12, 2006 – A panic among Muslim pilgrims during a Haj ceremony near Makkah leaves 345 people dead.

FEBRUARY 4, 2006 – Seventy-eight people are killed in a panicked crush that happened at PhilSports Arena stampede in Manila, Philippines, as they were waiting for a TV variety show audition.

SEPTEMBER 30, 2008 – At least 168 people are killed and 100 are injured when thousands of Hindu pilgrims are caught in a panic at a temple in Jodhpur, India.

JULY 24, 2010 – Twenty-one people died and more than 650 are injured in a crush in a packed tunnel that was the sole access point to a festival in Duisburg, Germany.

NOVEMBER 22, 2010 – More than 340 people are killed and hundreds of others are injured during a panicked crush at a festival in the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh.

JANUARY 27, 2013 – A fire kills more than 200 people at an entertainment venue in Santa Maria, Brazil.

SEPTEMBER 24, 2015 – At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims died in a crush during the Haj in Saudi Arabia.

APRIL 30, 2021 – Forty-five people are killed and dozens more are wounded in a crush at the annual Mount Meron pilgrimage in Israel.

NOVEMBER 5, 2021 – Fans at a Houston music festival surge toward the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott, triggering panic that leaves 10 people dead and many more injured.

OCTOBER 1, 2022 – Police fire tear gas after riots break out following an Indonesian football match, setting off a rush for the exit that leaves at least 174 dead and 100 injured.