SANAA (AFP) – Yemen’s rebel chief vowed on Wednesday he would never surrender to pro-government forces, as international aid groups appealed for safe passage for civilians caught in the flashpoint port of Hodeida.
After six days of intense battles, pro-government forces on Wednesday pressed even closer to the heart of Hodeida, the Red Sea city controlled by the Huthi rebels and under blockade by a coalition.
Plumes of smoke were seen billowing from the horizon on Tuesday as heavily armed pro-government forces moved towards the port on foot and on the back of pickup trucks.
The coalition had sent fighter jets and Apache attack helicopters to cover Yemeni troops fighting rebels on the ground, a pro-government military source told AFP.
In a lengthy televised speech from an undisclosed location, the country’s rebel chief appeared to admit the alliance had made headway into Hodeida.
International aid groups have appealed to both the rebels and the alliance to allow civilians to escape the densely-populated city of 600,000 people.
The International Committee of the Red Cross appealed for the warring parties to “spare civilians and civilian infrastructure” including ambulances, hospitals, electricity and water plants.
The first youngster was confirmed killed in the fighting on Wednesday, with Save the Children telling AFP a 15-year-old had died of shrapnel wounds at a hospital in Hodeida.
Millions of people across Yemen are dependent on humanitarian aid to survive a deadly trifecta of war, disease and looming mass starvation – and nearly 80 per cent of that aid comes through Hodeida.
The Huthis, northern tribesmen linked to Iran, seized large parts of Yemen in a 2014 takeover, including the capital Sanaa.
The colaition joined the Yemeni government’s war against the Huthis the following year, driving the rebels back but failing to retake Sanaa and Hodeida.
Nearly 200 combatants have been killed over the past week in the fight for Hodeida on both sides.
Rebel chief Abdulmalik al-Huthi on Wednesday acknowledged he was outnumbered, but appeared undaunted even while appearing to admit to incursions by the coalition.
“The enemy benefits from its numbers, which it has increased even further to pressure the city of Hodeida,” al-Huthi said.
“Does the enemy think that penetrating this or that area, or seizing this or that area, means we will be convinced that we should surrender and hand over control?
“This is not happening and will not happen ever.”
A medical source told AFP on Wednesday that the Huthis had forced medical staff out of the May 22 Hospital – one of Hodeida’s main medical facilities – and stationed snipers on top of the building.
The coalition accuses Iran of using the port to smuggle missiles to the Huthis, a charge Tehran denies.
International aid groups rely on Hodeida to ship into Yemen aid – including basic vaccines and water sterilisation tablets – and on Wednesday they called for the urgent evacuation of residents.
One of the city’s biggest hospitals, Al-Thawra, is now only “metres away from an active frontline”, said International Committee of the Red Cross spokeswoman Mirella Hodeib, speaking from the Yemeni capital.
Juliette Touma, spokeswoman for the UN children’s fund (UNICEF), said, “We’re talking about dying children who are currently at the hospital.
“What we are fearful about is that the escalation of violence is highly likely to jeopardise humanitarian efforts that are life-saving,” she told AFP, warning the already dire situation would likely worsen.