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Brunei
Friday, August 19, 2022
25 C
Brunei
Friday, August 19, 2022
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    Weather extremes becoming norm

    PARIS (AFP) – Climate change caused by human activity made this month’s record-shattering heatwave in Britain at least 10 times more likely to occur, according to research released on Friday.

    Eastern England recorded an all-time high temperature of 40.3 degrees Celsius and the hot spell sparked fires that destroyed dozens of homes in London.

    Overall, at least 34 locations in Britain registered record highs on July 20, when the heatwave peaked over western Europe.

    An international team of researchers modelled how likely such an extreme hot weather event would have been before the industrial era began in the mid-19th Century.

    They then compared this likelihood with that of a heatwave occurring in the current climate – that is, with the planet nearly 1.2 degrees Celsius hotter on average than in pre-industrial times.

    ABOVE & BELOW: A police officer gives water to a British soldier wearing a traditional bearskin hat on guard duty outside Buckingham Palace during hot weather in London; and people queue outside an ice cream van in St James’s Park. PHOTOS: AP

    They focussed on maximum temperatures in Britain’s most affected region – central England and east Wales – and found that the record-breaking heat was made at least 10 times more likely due to the human-generated greenhouse gases that cause global warming.

    The study found that extreme heat events across Europe had increased even more than had been estimated by climate models.

    Computer-generated models estimated that greenhouse gas emissions increased temperatures in the July heatwave by two degrees Celsius. But in actual fact, the heatwave was four degrees Celsius hotter than it would have been without man-made warming.

    “In Europe and other parts of the world we are seeing more and more record-breaking heatwaves causing extreme temperatures that have become hotter faster than in most climate models,” said senior lecturer in climate science at the Imperial College London’s Grantham Institute for Climate Change Friederike Otto.

    “It’s a worrying finding that suggests that if carbon emissions are not rapidly cut, the consequences of climate change on extreme heat in Europe, which already is extremely deadly, could be even worse than we previously thought.”

    In 2020 scientists at Britain’s Met Office calculated that the likelihood of temperatures topping 40 degrees Celsius in the natural climate – that is absent of human-caused warming – to be roughly one in 1,000 years.

    Today that estimate stands at one in 100 years but scientists involved in the study said that observed weather extremes were happening even faster than predicted by models.

    “Even with a conservative estimate, we see a large role of climate change in the United Kingdom heatwave,” said research associate at the Grantham Institute Mariam Zachariah.

    “Under our current climate that has been altered by greenhouse gas emissions, many people are experiencing events during their lifetime that would have been almost impossible otherwise. And the longer we take to reach net zero, the worse the heatwaves will become.”

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