Thinking outside the box

Lyna Mohammad

Winners of the Crown Prince Creative, Innovative Product and Technological Advancement (CIPTA) Award 2021 were awarded in June, before the second wave of COVID-19 was detected in the country.

Winners from the Local Category 2 and Smart Junior Category spoke with the Weekend Bulletin about their projects.

Roshartiney binti Haji Damit, on behalf of her team, spoke about their project on smart fish system, which snatched the top spot the Local Category 2.

Roshartiney said the project is a portable water quality monitoring system for fish breeders. It utilises the adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) to improve safety and quality by monitoring through the use of sensors in a poly tank.

When the sensors reach a certain threshold, it will signal to other components within the system to activate a specified task allocated to it.

“The application of the system is expected to boost the survival rate and protect the fish from diseases due to bad water quality,” she said.

“The idea came to me when I was helping my husband feed his pet koi fish. He maintains a good water quality for his pets as he is concerned about their health. I decided to develop an IoT system for him to monitor the water quality as well as the status of the fish.”

The idea was then expanded to addressing food security and improve fish rearing within a home compound. After a discussion with her supervisor, the concept was then incorporated into her Master’s degree research project to ensure that the system developed properly.

This June 17 file photo shows the winning team in the Local Category 2 Roshartiney binti Haji Damit, Haji Ismit and Dr Wida Susanty binti Suhaili. PHOTOS: BAHYIAH BAKIR
ABOVE & BELOW: The winning team in the Smart Junior Category Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Yazid, Mohammad Hashim Dzulkarnain bin Muhammad Redzuan Sani, Nuraqilah binti Ariffin; and consolation prize winners in Smart Junior Category Qarl Darwisy Haqieze bin Wadi, Mohammad Ashwandi Arsyad bin Bahren and Mohammad Alif Waliuddin bin Abdullah Mohamad Azri with their supervisor Haji Muhd Zuwaini.

However, due to the research project duration, she decided to focus on freshwater fish – tilapia – because its environment is similar to that of koi fish.

They conducted research, site visits and interviews with two fish farmers to develop the project.

They also create an experimental setting using two tanks – one to control and the other with the system to monitor the usage. The experiment was conducted using fingerling tilapia fish. She also researched the best way to improve the water quality by using organic materials.

The system went through two experimental cycles before it was submitted to CIPTA. “My husband and my supervisor supported me throughout the journey and now we will improve on it by making the system work for a range of fish,” she said.

Senior Assistant Professor and Dean of Faculty of Islamic Technology at Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali (UNISSA) Dr Hajah Tiawa binti Haji Hamid, who received a consolation prize, said that UNISSA, through is Faculty of Islamic Technology, built a 3D virtual lab to carry out research on Haj and Umrah pilgrims, by equipping it with a 3D projector and other research materials such as a treadmill, test machine for cardiovascular fitness and
muscle fatigue.

A preliminary study was conducted at the post-degree level with the objectives of increasing the capabilities of body physiology of Haj and Umrah pilgrims in their preparation for the trips to the holy city of Makkah.

The team worked on virtual Tawaf software, which is displayed on a screen, accompanied by prayers for participants to learn during the training.

A brisk walk technique at the closest circumambulation distance of 80 metres was increased to the furthest distance of 840 metres. An additional round of training and the physiological fitness rate of the participants were assessed while the training intensity was increased according to the individual’s abilities.

The study also focussed on the muscular capacity of the participants. The goal was to build muscle strength and endurance to slow down the process of muscle fatigue. The psychological preparation of participants was also emphasised.

The virtual atmosphere proved to increase the participants’ motivation- training longer and providing knowledge of the atmosphere for those who had never set foot on the holy land.

Food intake and energy use were also studied during the research. The energy required to perform pilgrimage is calculated and adjusted through the intake of calories among the participants.

The results of the study will be used to help pilgrims understand the importance of a healthy, balanced diet and hygiene.

The research uses artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques in collecting data such as age, gender, pulse rate, blood pressure, distance travelled or run, calories burned, number of steps taken and motivation level.

Bluetooth is used to combine data from different measuring devices and stored in cloud computing. A large pattern of data will result in a prediction technique to develop a training programme appropriate for them.

It is hoped that the fitness apprentice project will be adopted by other studies in addressing community problems such as obesity.

Hajah Tiawa said the laboratory can also be used as a teaching and learning tool, and the Faculty of Islamic Technology hoped more Haj and Umrah pilgrims will use it.

The project will also be commercialised to provide employment opportunities to graduates.

Meanwhile, in the Smart Junior Competition Category, first prize went to a team from Berakas Secondary School – Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Yazid, Mohammad Hashim Dzulkarnain bin Muhammad Redzuan Sani and Nuraqilah binti Ariffin under the supervision of their teacher Muhd Fauzan bin Damit.

Their ‘Rubbish Rewards’ project focussed on the 12th Sustainable Development Goals, by using an app where people can scan a QR code on a rubbish bin to track when they throw away trash and find out what rewards they receive. The project uses three types of bin – paper, beverage cans and plastic bottles.

According to a team member, each person in the group was tasked to explain part of the project. “There were three of us and the three parts were: the problem it would attempt to solve; the explanation of the product/process; and the relevance to the team.”

Meanwhile, a team of Year 9 students from Ma’had Islam Brunei received a consolation prize for their project on ‘pipit technology’. The idea for the project came during flooding, which destroyed properties and impacting the country’s economy. They decided to find a way to help.

The team, made up of Muhammad Qarl Darwisy Haqieze bin Wadi, Mohammad Ashwandi Arsyad bin Bahren and Mohammad Alif Waliuddin bin Abdullah Mohamad Azri, came up with the idea of a flood detector called ‘pipit’.

“We thought it could attract a lot of interest. The public can buy it for personal use as it is easy to install, while the weather department can use it to send out alert prior to flash floods,” said Muhammad Qarl Darwisy Haqieze.