LIMA (AFP) – When the pandemic struck Peru and forced the economy to shut down in an attempt to stop the spread of the coronavirus, women were some of the hardest hit.
Silvia Munoz lost her job as a domestic worker, while Yolanda Chambi was forced to close her shop selling traditional Peruvian clothes.
Both were among millions of Peruvian women to lose their income during the pandemic, which exacerbated gender inequality.
Theirs is a story seen throughout Latin America on International Women’s Day, where four million women remain unemployed even after regional economies have reopened.
When COVID struck, many women were forced to give up work to look after sick family members and children as schools and creches were closed as part of government restrictions.
And while most have since returned to work, many have had to accept lower salaries or even make do with working in the informal sector.
Once the virus reached Peru in March 2020, “there was no work, there was nothing”, said Munoz, 65, speaking from her home in the working class Lima neighbourhood of Villa Maria del Triunfo.
One thousand kilometres away in Puno on the shores of Lake Titicaca, Chambi tells a similar story.
“We lost all our earnings,” she said.
She used to sell clothes to locals for the Virgen de la Candelaria festival that takes place on February 2 and involves traditional Andean music and dancing.
It has been cancelled for the last two years due to COVID. Unable to sell her wares, Chambi could no longer afford the rent on her home-cum-workshop.
She was forced to move with her four children to the family home in the countryside, where they grow potatoes, broad beans and other vegetables. While many countries in the region paid out benefits to those that lost their jobs due to the pandemic, few people in Peru received such aid because 70 per cent of the 33-million population works in the informal sector, and very few – especially the poor – have bank accounts.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) said women have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic.
The ILO said 24 million women in Latin America lost their jobs during the pandemic and as many men.
But while only half a million men remain out of work, eight times as many women do, “which contributes to amplifying the impact of the crisis on gender inequality at work”.
Women’s unemployment in the region is 12.4 per cent, compared to just 8.3 per cent for men.
After years of steady progress, “the pandemic has taken us back more or less to the figures from 10 years ago,” ILO chief for Peru Italo Cardnoa told AFP.
Sectors that traditionally employ a lot of women have been particularly hard-hit by the pandemic, such as hotels, restaurants, services and the informal sector.
“The return of women to the labour market is much slower than for men,” said Cardona.
Daysi Falcon, 34, lost her job as an administrative assistant at a manufacturing company in
She now sells prepared meals to acquaintances.
She said her family members were “dying one after another from COVID”, and she spent months caring for them.
Many of those back in work have been forced to accept lower pay.