AP – Wall Street capped a milestone-shattering week on Friday with stock indexes hitting more record highs as investors welcomed a report showing the nation’s job market was even stronger last month than expected.
The S&P 500 rose 0.8 per cent, its seventh straight gain and seventh consecutive all-time high. The benchmark index also notched its second weekly gain in a row. The Nasdaq also set a record, getting a boost from technology stocks, which led the broad market rally. The only laggards were energy stocks and banks, which fell as Treasury yields headed lower.
Indexes climbed as soon as trading opened, after a United States (US) government report said employers hired 850,000 more workers than they cut last month. It was a healthier reading than the 700,000 economists expected and an acceleration following a couple months of disappointing growth.
Still, unemployment remains well above the 3.5 per cent rate that prevailed before the pandemic struck, and the economy remains 6.8 million jobs short of its pre-pandemic level. And while wages grew in June, the increase was less than expected, a good sign for investors worried about inflation pressures.
Economists took the report as a sign that workers will indeed come back into the labour force as more people get vaccinated and the pandemic eases. Perhaps more importantly for markets, some said the numbers likely mean the Federal Reserve can stay on the course it’s set, keeping interest rates low for a while longer to support the economy.
“The wage inflation number didn’t pick up to the degree some people were anticipating, so that’s probably a little bit reassuring to the market as well,” said Chief Investment Officer Andrew Mies at investment advisory firm 6 Meridien.
The S&P 500 rose 32.40 points to 4,352.34. The Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 152.82 points, or 0.4 per cent, to 34,786.35. The Nasdaq composite added 116.95 points, or 0.8 per cent, to 14,639.33.
Smaller stocks in the Russell 2000 lagged. The index fell 23.60 points, or one per cent, to 2,305.76.
Treasury yields were flat to lower following the jobs report, and the yield on the 10-year Treasury fell to 1.43 per cent from 1.48 per cent late Thursday.
Low interest rates help drive up prices for all kinds of stocks, but they provide particularly powerful fuel for high-growth companies whose prices may otherwise look expensive.
That helped push several influential tech-oriented stocks higher on Friday. Microsoft gained 2.2 per cent, and Apple rose two per cent. Because those companies are so big, their stock movements carry extra heft for indexes, and they helped make up for losses by energy producers and financial companies.
The Fed has said it will keep rates low to help strengthen the job market, and Friday’s report suggested to several investors that growth in jobs or inflation wasn’t high enough to alter its course. Average hourly wages for workers were 3.6 per cent higher in June than a year ago, but the rise from May was slightly below economists’ expectations at 0.3 per cent.
“Maybe with wage growth and inflation having peaked, we can get past the peak fears of some sort of wage-price doom-loop,” said senior investment strategist at Wells Fargo Asset Management Brian Jacobsen.
The Fed has been insisting that the higher inflation hitting the economy now will be only temporary, which would give it more leeway to keep its support for the economy in place. Many investors expect it to announce a pullback in its bond purchases later this year, well before expectations for the Fed to move short-term rates off their record low in 2022 or 2023.
If job growth or inflation is stronger and more persistent than expected, though, it could force the Fed to move up its timetable and raise rates more aggressively.
“The Fed wants to let the economy run as hot as possible and let the unemployment rate get as low as possible without triggering hot inflation,” said chief investment officer for Independent Advisor Alliance. “Inflation may run hot, and that could speed up plans for tapering, but as far as raising rates I think they are still going to wait a long time.”
Virgin Galactic rose 4.1 per cent after saying it hopes to launch a test spaceflight on July 11, with its founder Richard Branson on board.
US-listed shares of Didi, a Chinese ride-hailing service, slumped 5.3 per cent after China’s Internet watchdog said it launched an investigation into the ride-hailing company to protect national security and public interest. Its shares began trading in New York on Wednesday.
Markets in both Europe and Asia were mixed. US stock markets will be closed tomorrow in observance of Independence Day.