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South Korean older workers back in factories amid labour crunch

ANN/CHINA DAILY – When Hwang Kwang-jo’s factory in Seoul faced a staffing crunch earlier this year after the departure of Nepalese workers and younger locals, he hired a 61-year-old to pick up some of the work.

While the job, which involves handling heavy alloy bars, is less than ideal for workers close to retirement, the pandemic has diminished South Korea’s pool of foreign labour, forcing firms to widen the net.

Compounding that challenge is younger Koreans’ reluctance to take up blue-collar jobs.

“It’s incredibly difficult to fill vacancies, I never received any resumes from those in their 20s,” said Hwang, chief executive at Iljin Enterprise, an aluminium molding plant that usually employs about 35 people. “We were able to find Oh in April after the two Nepalese had to leave the country due to visa issues.”

The scramble for labour in South Korea, where unemployment hit a near-record low of 2.9 per cent in July, led to a surge in the number of elderly people in the workforce with 58 per cent of the job increases driven by people aged 60 and older.

But even that hasn’t been enough to ease staff shortages across the industrial and farming sectors in Asia’s fourth-largest economy, setting up new price pressures with inflation already running at a 24-year high.

A restaurant worker carries trays of food on his head in Seoul. PHOTO: AFP

In South Korea, the world’s fastest ageing society, 33.1 per cent of people aged between 70-74 are still working, topping the OECD’s scale measuring the employment for the age group and far higher than the OECD average of 15.2 per cent.

Central bank data shows over 230,000 of those aged 60 or over have found jobs at factories and construction sites since early 2020, while younger people have been leaving those sectors.

While South Korea’s foreign worker contingent, at 848,000, is relatively small compared with other industrialised economies, migrants make an important contribution to the factory sector.

Since early 2020, the monthly inflow of new foreign workers is about 35 per cent of what the country had in 2019, before the pandemic, government data showed.

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