JOHANNESBURG (AP) – South Africa’s ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC), is celebrating its 110th anniversary this weekend amid deep divisions, graft allegations and broad challenges that saw it perform dismally in local government elections last year.
The anniversary event taking place in the country’s northern Limpopo province today, comes days after a state-backed judicial investigation revealed how some of the party’s top officials had benefitted from corruption.
The ANC remains divided between those backing President Cyril Ramaphosa, who is also president of the party, and those loyal to former President Jacob Zuma, who has been embroiled in legal battles since he left office in 2018.
Zuma’s refusal to appear before the commission of inquiry saw him sentenced to 15 months in prison in July last year, which sparked riots that descended into widespread looting and destruction of property in the KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng provinces. More than 340 people died in the rioting.
Ramaphosa acknowledged the problems when speaking to ANC supporters this week.
“We have lots of challenges, nearly on every front. We have COVID-19. We also had corruption scandals… that we had to deal with. It involved people dipping their fingers into money that was supposed to be utilised for (personal protective gear),” said Ramaphosa, citing one of several corruption scandals.
He said the loss of jobs due to the COVID-19 had compounded South Africa’s already high unemployment rate of 34 per cent and he highlighted the July unrest as one of the major events that set the country back.
“It’s a broad spectrum of challenges and problems. It needs leadership but also needs us to work together, and to ask ourselves whether we give in… or are we going to defend the gains that we have made?” Ramaphosa said.
The ANC was founded in 1912 to oppose white minority rule and to campaign for Black South Africans to have full democratic rights. The party came to power in 1994 when the country’s first democratic elections were held and Nelson Mandela became the first Black president.
However, the ANC’s support has declined in recent years and it received less than 50 per cent of votes cast in local elections in October, its worst-ever showing at the polls.
The ANC will try to use the anniversary to win back some of the support they have lost over the years, political analyst Hlengiwe Ndlovu said.