Second wave stable, not showing an increase

James Kon

Findings from an analysis by the Ministry of Health (MoH) on the cases during the second wave of the COVID-19 outbreak as of Tuesday showed that despite the second wave not showing a decrease, it is however stable and not showing an increase. The weekly average of new cases per day has also decreased from 183 per day to 148.

Minister of Health Dato Seri Setia Dr Haji Mohd Isham bin Haji Jaafar shared these details during the daily press conference yesterday.

Dato Seri Setia Dr Haji Mohd Isham said, “A total of 9,132 cases have been reported since the second wave began on August 6 where 9,082 (99.5 per cent) were local transmission cases while 50 were imported cases.”

Based on the dates the cases underwent swab tests, the graph displaying the epidemic curve for the second wave to date also shows the ‘doubling time’ whereby the period for the total number of cases to double is 28.8 days, compared to three to four days when the second wave first occurred. Meanwhile, the reproduction number for the second wave, where the basic reproduction number (R-naught) is the reproduction number when the second wave first occurred, is at level 5.

“At the beginning of the second wave, one positive case caused five new cases. Currently, the effective reproduction number, R(t), is at level 1, which means that one positive case caused one new case. The R(t) at level 1 also indicates a stable state of infection,” said the minister.

In relation to Operasi Pulih conducted since October 4, the minister said, “Out of the 1,756 cases detected, 61 per cent of the cases involved the workplace or staff houses housing the companies’ employees. Only nine per cent were related to household cases or cases where the families lived in private homes.”

The total cases in Category 4 and 5 treated at the National Isolation Centre are all stable. Seventy-one per cent of cases treated in Category 4 and 5 are those who have not been vaccinated, he said.

“The Home Isolation Policy implemented since October 8 has successfully reduced the pressure on bed capacity rate or bed occupancy rate in isolation centres. From the occupancy rate of 82 per cent, the rate has decreased to 78.7 per cent,” said the minister.

“The vaccination rate in the Sultanate has increased as projected and InsyaAllah, we will successfully achieve the target of 80 per cent of the population vaccinated as expected. The increase in vaccination rate is very slow however for those aged 80 and above.”

Minister of Home Affairs Pehin Orang Kaya Seri Kerna Dato Seri Setia (Dr) Haji Awang Abu Bakar bin Haji Apong and Minister at the Prime Minister’s Office and Minister of Finance and Economy II Dato Seri Setia Dr Awang Haji Mohd Amin Liew bin Abdullah also attended.