PARIS (AP) – An elegant dinner at the Ritz in Paris. A post-midnight drive past the city’s floodlit treasures. And then, tragedy. The story of Princess Diana’s death at age 36 in that catastrophic crash in a Paris traffic tunnel continues to shock, even after a quarter-century.
Twenty-five years later, The Associated Press (AP) is making available the account of Diana’s final hours in the French capital, published on September 5, 1997, a few days after the August 31 crash.
The account, based on reporting, interviews and news reports available at the time, has been trimmed and edited lightly.
Entering the Pont de l’Alma traffic tunnel at night, one of the last things you see is the floodlit Eiffel Tower.
Its iron latticework shimmering like lace against a black sky, it likely was one of the last things Princess Diana ever saw.
The tower’s lights go off every night at 1am. By that time on Sunday, August 31, a dying Diana lay trapped in a crumpled wreck of a Mercedes, with rescuers trying frantically to treat her while they cut through the metal roof.
The short ride to the tunnel from the Ritz Hotel had been a stunning one, with a view of the city’s other floodlit treasures: the obelisk at the Place de la Concorde, the Arc de Triomphe off to the right, the gold-domed Hotel des Invalides across the river to the left.
Four people were in the car: a driver and a bodyguard in front, the princess and her boyfriend in back. Behind them – it isn’t clear how far – were several motorcycles and perhaps two cars bearing paparazzi.
Approaching the tunnel along the Seine River, the shining tower was just to the left. Even through the tinted windows of a luxury car, it would’ve been hard not to look.
Seconds later, there was a huge crash – witnesses said it was like an explosion. It would soon reverberate around the world, but for a few minutes in the still night, there was only the insistent blare of a car horn set off by the driver’s slumped body, and then the clicking of camera shutters.
For the princess, after the spectacular city lights, there was only blackness.
10pm: The evening begins for Diana and Dodi Fayed with dinner in the sitting room of the Imperial Suite at the Ritz. It is the best suite in the hotel, and no wonder: The hotel is owned by Fayed’s father Mohamed Al Fayed.
The food comes from the hotel’s two-star restaurant Espadon, which means swordfish
Diana is reported to have ordered an appetiser of mushrooms and asparagus, and then sole; for Dodi, turbot.
Dodi may have carried a surprise in his pocket: News reports quote a Paris jeweller saying he sold him an “extraordinary” diamond solitaire ring for USD205,000, and it is at the Ritz that Dodi may have given it to Diana.
Is it an engagement ring? No one will ever know for sure.
But the day has been tense. The couple has been having problems with paparazzi ever since their mid-afternoon arrival in Paris. First, they trailed Diana and Dodi from Le Bourget Airport outside Paris, on their way to see Villa Windsor – a mansion that once housed the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and that Dodi’s father bought and renovated. Their driver managed to shake the photographers.
Then, an attempt to have a 9.30pm dinner at the chic Paris bistro Chez Benoit failed, when paparazzi again picked up the trail. Giving up, Diana and Dodi decide to dine at the Ritz, where there is better security.
Hotel video shows the cars arriving back at the Ritz, flashes going off as Diana goes through a revolving door, eyes downcast, looking distressed.
They walk down the Ritz’s blue carpet bordered in gold toward the restaurant. Ten minutes later, they walk back down the hallway – “because of the attention in the restaurant”, head of Al Fayed’s security team Paul Handley-Greaves said later in London – and head up a spiral staircase to the Imperial Suite.
Inside is calm and peaceful.
But outside the entrance, on the elegant Place Vendome, paparazzi have again gathered.
10.08pm: The number two security man at the Ritz Henri Paul arrives at the hotel after having been summoned on his cell phone at 10pm. He parks his own car outside, chats with some people and shakes hands with a friend, the night duty manager and the concierge.
Paul spends the next two hours in the lobby area. At one point, he goes into the hotel and sits with two other security people at a table.
12.07am: After dinner, as they leave the Imperial Suite, Diana and Fayed stop to discuss the paparazzi “and the concern that the princess had that something would happen”, Handley-Greaves said.
“Earlier on in the day,” he told a London news conference, “she expressed concern to bodyguard Trevor Rees-Jones at the foolhardiness of the motorcycle riders, not for the safety of the vehicle she was travelling in. She expressed concern that the erratic manner in which they were driving might result in one of them falling under the wheels either of the lead car or the backup.”
Diana and Fayed are headed to an apartment he owns off the Champs-Elysees, just near the Arc de Triomphe. Knowing paparazzi are outside, they’ve decided to use two decoy vehicles – Range Rover and a Mercedes. They post the Range Rover outside the Ritz’s main entrance, with Fayed’s regular driver at the wheel.
They need a third car, so a rented Mercedes is called into service. The jet-black car, rented from the Etoile limousine company, is known for its silky-smooth ride, but because of its weight, it isn’t the best car for weaving in and out of traffic. “This isn’t the kind of car you do slalom in,” said a limousine driver who often picks up well-heeled clients at the Ritz Jean-Pierre Bretton.
Diana and Dodi need a driver, too, and that’s why Paul has been called back in from home. Paul, 41, a native of France’s Brittany region, is reported to have received special training in Germany to drive the armoured Mercedes.
Police said Paul lacked the special licence to drive the car. The Al Fayed family denies it.
Paris prosecutors said autopsy blood tests showed Paul was legally intoxicated, and judicial sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, at a level of over three times the legal limit, at least.
12.19am: Dodi and Diana stand in an area by the back entrance of the hotel, milling with security officers preparing their departure. A Ritz Hotel security camera video shows Dodi slipping his arm protectively around Diana’s waist.
12.20am: The couple leaves the Ritz from the back entrance, and climbs into the Mercedes.
Diana is dressed in a black top, black jacket and belted white trousers. Her hair is carefully coiffed and she wears red lipstick.
Dodi looks more casual in a tan jacket and long gray shirt, open at the neck and hanging loosely over stone-washed jeans.
The hotel video shows no paparazzi outside the back entrance, but the decoy ruse hasn’t worked.
With paparazzi in pursuit, the Mercedes travels down the Rue Cambon and turns right onto the colonnaded, boutique-lined Rue de Rivoli, with the Tuileries Gardens on the left. Arriving at the Place de la Concorde, it takes a left past the obelisk, allowing a view of the Champs-Elysees and the Arc de Triomphe on the right as it makes its way to the bank of the Seine.
Here, some photographers said, Paul already is driving dangerously. Jacques Langevin said he was told by fellow photographers that at the Place de la Concorde, when they were stopped at a red light, the Mercedes took off with a roar before the light turned green.
Already, the photographer told the Liberation daily, “the Mercedes was fishtailing dangerously and the driver didn’t seem to be in control”.
Neither Diana nor Fayed are wearing seat belts; only bodyguard Rees-Jones, sitting in the front passenger seat, is wearing one.
The Mercedes is heading along the river now, down the Cours de la Reine, then the Cours Albert 1st, where the approach to the tunnel lies.
About 12.25am: The Mercedes enters the 660-foot-long tunnel, probably to avoid traffic on the crowded Place de l’Alma. The tunnel is brightly lit, neon bulbs reflecting on the white-tiled walls.
The approach is dangerous at high speed. The road swerves slightly to the right, then to the left; then there is a quick dip.
The speed limit is 30 miles per hour (mph). A cab driver said he once tried the tunnel at 70 mph and was scared. “That thing is narrow and dangerous,” said Jacques Gaulthier. “You’d have to be crazy to take it fast.”
Just how fast does Paul take it?
Police officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the car’s speedometer was found frozen at 121 mph. They call it an almost certain indicator of its speed at impact, but the Al Fayed family disputes that, saying the speedometer was stuck instead at zero. A Mercedes expert said the speedometer moves automatically to zero or to top speed when power cuts off.
Witnesses also have described the car as going well over 90 mph, perhaps close to 120 mph.
Also, police said the car, equipped with anti-lock brakes, left 53 feet of skid marks – another indication of high speed.
It isn’t clear how many paparazzi are tailing the car, and at what distance. A lawyer for Al Fayed said a “cortege” of paparazzi were “swarming” the car. But photographer Lazlo Veres said they were at least 550 yards behind.
Seconds after the car enters the tunnel in the left westbound lane, it goes out of control, striking the 13th concrete pillar dividing the tunnel, rolls over and rebounds into the right wall.
It then spins around. When the car stops, it is facing east – the direction it came from.
The driver’s body is slumped over the horn. The impact is so great that parts of the radiator are reportedly found embedded in his body. Fayed, behind him on the left side of the car, also is killed immediately.
Toursts Jack and Robin Firestone are walking near the tunnel when they hear the awful noise. They run in. In interviews, they describe photographers “swarming” the wreck.
Yet a doctor who said he was driving through the tunnel in the other direction just after the accident, arriving before rescuers did, said he wasn’t hindered by the photographers.
Dr Frederic Mailliez said Diana “was unconscious, moaning and gesturing in every direction” as she fought for breath.
“There were 10 or 15 photographers snapping photos non-stop, but I cannot say they hindered my work,” he said.
12.27am: Firefighters get the first call for help.
About 12:40am: Police and firefighters arrive. Diana and bodyguard Rees-Jones are still alive.
The car is a crumpled mass of metal and glass.
Police arrest six photographers and one motorcyclist, confiscating their film and cellular phones.
Rescuers need to cut through the roof of the car to get the victims out. They finally extract Diana through the back. Meanwhile, emergency doctors have been trying to treat her at the scene.
2am: Diana is bleeding heavily from the chest when she arrives at Hospital La Pitié Salpêtrière, along with the bodyguard. She quickly goes into cardiac arrest.
Doctors close a wound to the left pulmonary vein, then try to revive her with two hours of chest massage – first externally and then directly to the heart. It fails.
4am: Diana is declared dead.
6am: “The death of the Princess of Wales,” said British ambassador Michael Jay, with doctors at a hospital news conference, “fills us with shock and deep grief”.