Polluters must join ‘net zero’ club for climate

BERLIN (AP) — Polluters must step up their commitments to cutting greenhouse gas emissions before a crucial climate summit in November, United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on Monday.

Guterres said the global body’s “central objective” this year is to get countries and companies responsible for 90 per cent of the world’s human-made emissions to set credible deadlines by when they will stop adding further planet-heating gases to the atmosphere.

Several countries including the United States (US), China and members of the European Union (EU) have already announced plans to achieve ‘net zero’ emissions, meaning they will only release as much carbon dioxide and other gases as can be absorbed by natural or technological means.

But scientists said some of the targets are too far off and aren’t backed by clear plans that would ensure that the Paris climate accord’s goal of capping global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius can be achieved.

After making good on his campaign pledge to rejoin the Paris accord, US President Joe Biden is expected to present his administration’s strategy for cutting carbon emissions by 2030 at the November summit.

“The US is putting the climate crisis at the centre of our foreign policy and our diplomacy,” the US envoy to the UN Richard M Mills, said. “The US considers it a serious threat to our national security and to global security.”

But Mills made clear that the US expects others to join in the fight. The Glasgow summit “will only succeed if the biggest emitters lay out detailed roadmaps in advance, how they will achieve net zero emissions by 2050,” he said — a clear reference to others.

Guterres urged major industrialised countries to phase out their use of coal — a big source of carbon emissions — by 2030, and to ensure that poor countries get the USD100 billion in funding they need each year to respond to climate change.

He said the UN climate meeting in Glasgow this fall, delayed by a year due to the coronavirus pandemic, also needs to finalise rules for international carbon markets that economists have said would give companies greater incentives to cut emissions.

One major holdout in those negotiations, Brazil, pushed backed on Monday against calls for it to give up vast piles of emissions credits it amassed under rules that experts say weren’t stringent enough.

The UN chief said the global body will make offices and venues around the world available to governments so officials can take part in virtual meetings before the November summit, since the usual flurry of preparatory events likely won’t happen in-person because of COVID-19.