| Rokiah Mahmud |
THE issue of bullying raises serious concern as it packs a long-term negative effect to the psychological, physical and emotional well-being of those affected.
According to the Global School-Based Health Survey (GSHS) conducted by the Health Promotion Centre of the Ministry of Health, 21.1 per cent of 2,599 students (under 18 years) in Brunei Darussalam are victims of bullying.
There are many types of bullying; some are obvious to spot – such as physical bullying, social exclusion and cyberbullying; while others can be more subtle – such as name-calling and emotional bullying. It was also found that with the emergence of the Internet and globalisation, cyberbullying is on the rise.
Speaking to the Bulletin, local psychologist Norsyahmun Metassan explained that cyberbullying tends to be more covert, with the victims being afraid to share, so the ripple effect can be seen in the form of school absenteeism. There is also a strong correlation between suicide and bullying. People who are abused by their peers are at risk of mental health problems, such as low self-esteem, stress, depression or anxiety.