VIENNA (AFP) – Major oil-producing countries led by Saudi Arabia and Russia look set to maintain their current output levels at a meeting yesterday, ahead of fresh sanctions against Moscow coming into force.
The alliance’s Joint Ministerial Monitoring Committee (JMMC) kicked off their gathering yesterday, a source close to OPEC told AFP, ahead of the full ministerial conference afterwards which was expected to be brief.
The 13-member Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) will consult with 10 other oil-producing nations including Russia – known collectively as OPEC+ – to review their decision in October to cut production by two million barrels per day.
On Friday, the European Union (EU), Group of Seven (G7) and Australia agreed a USD60-per-barrel price cap on Russian oil, which will come into effect today or soon after, alongside an EU embargo on maritime deliveries of Russian crude oil.
It will prevent seaborne shipments of Russian crude to the EU, which account for two thirds of the bloc’s oil imports from Russia, an attempt to deprive Moscow’s war chest of billions of euros.
While Russia denounced the incoming price cap on Saturday, threatening to suspend deliveries to any country that adopted the measure, Ukraine suggested the cap should have been set even lower.
For OPEC+, the big unknown in the oil equation is how heavily sanctions will hit Russian supply.
“The uncertainty for Russian supply is significant”, DNB analysts said. OPEC would therefore “aim for a low-profile meeting that leaves existing production quotas unchanged”.
Moscow’s threat to suspend deliveries to countries abiding by the price cap would put “some in a very uncomfortable position”, said OANDA analyst Craig Erlam: “Choosing between losing access to cheap Russian crude or facing G7 sanctions”.
The choice of a virtual OPEC+ meeting instead of an in-person conference at the Vienna headquarters, suggested a policy rollover, UniCredit analyst Edward Moya said.
But “deeper oil output cuts” could still not be ruled out at this stage.
Amid economic gloom fuelled by soaring inflation and fears of China’s weaker energy demand due to its COVID-related restrictions, the two global crude benchmarks remained close to their lowest level of the year, far from their March peaks.
Since the group’s last meeting in early October, Brent North Sea oil and its United States equivalent, WTI, have lost more than six percent of their value.
But speculation that a further OPEC+ production cut might still be on the table boosted prices throughout the week.
“OPEC+ might feel compelled to adopt a more aggressive stance” by cutting or threatening to cut production even further, UniCredit analyst Edoardo Campanella said.
“Russia might also retaliate by leveraging its influence within OPEC+ to push for more production cuts down the road, thus exacerbating the global energy crisis,” he added.