ATHENS, Greece (AP) — Conservative party leader Kyriakos Mitsotakis has been sworn in as Greece’s new prime minister yesterday, a day after his resounding win over left-wing Alexis Tsipras, who led the country through the tumultuous final years of its international bailouts.
Mitsotakis, 51, arrived at the presidential mansion for the official swearing-in ceremony accompanied by his wife and three children, with the ceremony conducted by Archbishop of Athens Ieronymos. He was to then head to the prime minister’s office for a handover of duties, and was expected to name his cabinet later in the day.
Mitsotakis’ New Democracy party won 39.8 per cent of the vote, giving him 158 seats in the 300-member Parliament, a comfortable governing majority. Tsipras’ Coalition of the Radical Left, or Syriza, garnered 31.5 per cent. The extremist right-wing Golden Dawn, Greece’s third largest party during the height of the financial crisis, failed to make the three per cent threshold to enter Parliament.
Mitsotakis will have to move fast to deal with the myriad of problems still plaguing the economy. Europe’s finance ministers met in Brussels yesterday and discussed Greece, which still has stringent fiscal targets to meet even though it no longer directly receives bailout loans.
“I assume the governance of the country with full awareness of the national responsibility,” Mitsotakis said in his victory speech last Sunday night. “I know of the difficulties that lie ahead for me and for my associates. But I draw strength from the strength of the people.”
Greece’s economy shrank by a quarter and poverty and unemployment levels soared during the country’s nearly decade-long financial crisis. Although its finances are on the mend and the economy is expected to grow by 2.2 per cent this year, it still has a long way to go to make up the economic output lost.
The country’s debt stands at about 181 per cent of annual GDP and Greece has pledged to continue producing large primary surpluses — the budget excluding debt servicing — of more than three per cent of GDP for years to come.
Mitsotakis said last Sunday he would stick to his campaign pledges of lowering taxes, attracting investments and cutting through red tape to make Greece more business-friendly.
“New Democracy’s clear victory in Greece’s parliamentary elections yesterday will be welcomed by investors,” said economics consultancy Capital Economics in a research note. “But it will not be a game changer for the economy, not least because the government will still be constrained by its membership of the single currency and its ‘surveillance’ agreement with the EU.”
That caution was evident in the performance of the main stock market in Athens, which was down 1.4 per cent in midday trading yesterday as investors booked profits generated during the recent rally that was largely based on expectations of a Mitsotakis victory.
Mitsotakis will also have to contend with pension increases and other benefits the outgoing government granted ahead of European elections in May — benefits which European creditors had warned could make Greece’s fiscal targets hard to meet.
“Although Greece exited its third bailout in mid-2018, it is subject to ‘enhanced surveillance’ which bears a striking resemblance to a bail-out programme,” Capital Economics said. “For example, the government will get further relief on the cost of servicing its public debt only if it sticks to tight fiscal policy.”