THE JAPAN NEWS – Small thin pieces of abalone shells were being carefully attached to the bottom of a dodecagonal glass with a pointed stick.
The work requires careful attention from Takeshi Musashigawa, 41, the fourth-generation owner of Musashigawa Kobo factory for raden shell-inlay work in Takaoka, Toyama prefecture. When a glass finished with lacquer or other techniques is filled with water, patterns like those of a kaleidoscope appear on the surface due to the reflection of the raden work.
Takaoka lacquerware dates back to the early Edo period (1603-1867), when it began as an industry promotion measure led by Maeda Toshinaga, the second-generation head of the Kaga Maeda family.
The lacquerware production has a traditional division-of-labour structure that divides work into three stages of kiji (wood base), kashoku (decoration) and nuri lacquer application.
In 1975, the lacquerware was designated by the government as a traditional craft product. Sales exceeded JPY2 billion in the 1980s, and it is said that wholesalers lined up at lacquerware factories. However, sales slumped in the mid-1990s. According to the Takaoka municipal government, sales dropped to about JPY230 million in 2020. The number of craftsmen has declined, and the shortage of successors is now a serious issue.
Aogai-nuri is a raden technique for Takaoka lacquerware and was used to decorate wooden vessels and furniture. However, a newly developed coating material has made it possible to use the technique for glass and other materials.
“We are trying to apply the raden work to resin, metal and other materials so that we will be able to survive if kiji-ya (wood crafters) cease to exist,” Takeshi said.
He said he has been working with a sense of urgency since he joined the factory in 2004.
Takeshi and his wife, Hiromi, 42, who is also a raden craftsperson, have produced products for modern lifestyles such as smartphone cases and chopsticks that can be washed in dishwashers, so that young people will use them.
Recently, they have been using social media to promote their products, resulting in more orders from customers in distant places. The couple made a skateboard decorated with skull and flame patterns using the raden technique, with an eye to showcase their work overseas, and it received the Japan Urushi Association chairperson award at this year’s national lacquerware exhibition.
Their next goal is to apply raden to jewellery for daily use.
They are trying to flexibly incorporate the traditional technique into modern lifestyles.