wUM RAQUBA, SUDAN (AFP) – “Do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do!” an Ethiopian girl sings to her classmates, who are huddled together on a straw mat on the sandy ground of a refugee camp in Sudan.
Shielded from the hot mid-afternoon sun in a makeshift classroom built from wood and straw, the children sing the octave back in unison.
When they finish, they laugh as they break out into noisy applause, with nods of approval from their teacher Bereket Weldgebriel.
“Education is the light of the world,” Bereket, a 35-year-old English and music teacher, told AFP.
He and the children in his class are among some 49,000 people who fled their homes after Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government launched a military operation against the authorities of the northern Tigray region on November 4.
They have found shelter in a string of camps along the Sudanese border, where they live in tents and straw huts.
According to the United Nations (UN) refugee agency, 45 per cent of the refugees are children.
“When I came here, my heart was broken,” said Bereket, who used to run an English-language academy and teach at a public school in the Tigray town of Humera.
Now, he and his colleagues at the temporary Um Raquba School Site 1 have found meaning to their new lives.
“If we teach these children, they will be happy,” said Bereket, a graduate of the Academy of Music of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa.
“If children have an education, they can solve their problems,” said the teacher, who wears his thick black hair in short dreadlocks.
Holding back tears, Bereket said that during the army assault on Humera in early November, he saw “many dead bodies” on the streets.
“I never expected I would see anything like that,” he said, pulling his phone out of his pocket to scroll through the photos of his school back home.
Bereket’s boss Teklebrham Giday, 32, was also a schoolteacher in Humera. At Um Raquba School Site 1, he is the head teacher.
He explained that there are several other makeshift schools in the camps, and that his school has registered 722 students so far, from grades one through 10.
Holding a blue folder, a pen and several sheets of paper, Teklebrham said classes are held in morning and afternoon shifts.
With five makeshift classrooms to shield the children from the elements, he and his team offer a basic education to the eager students according to their grade.
With support from the Norwegian Refugee Council, each classroom is equipped with a blackboard and chalk, and the children have notebooks and pens.
“We teach basic subjects: English, our national language Amharic, basic sciences and, for recreation,… sports, music and arts,” said the head teacher, adding that the children also study the language of Tigray, Tigrinya.
“We simply omitted all the subjects dealing with politics,” he said. “Many people were killed in Tigray due to politics.”
Teklebrham said he fled Humera after a military officer kicked and beat him with his gun.
What followed, he said, was an extraordinary exchange with the officer.
Speaking in English, he describes the scene: “I told him: ‘My government gave me a chalk to take my responsibility to accomplish my mission to teach children. And … our government gave you a weapon, so you are (tougher) than me, so you can kill me.’ After I talked like that he calmed down and released me.”
Now in Um Raquba, he gathers the teachers for an afternoon meeting, preparing for the next day’s classes.
According to Catherine Mercy, education adviser for the NRC, many parents arriving at the camp identified the need for schooling as a key priority, even though most had fled to Sudan with nothing but the clothes on their backs.
“Education provides hope, education provides a routine for the children, education provides a safe space for the children in such times of conflict, education gives a chance for children to hope for a better future,” Mercy said.
Among the children attending classes at the temporary school is Emmanuel Thagakiros, a 10-year-old boy who wears a green T-shirt and shorts.
He said his favourite subject is maths. “I want to learn so I can be happy and get a job to help my parents,” he added shyly.