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Brunei
Friday, February 3, 2023
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Brunei
Friday, February 3, 2023
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    High BP making you neurotic?

    AFP – Diastolic blood pressure – the lower of the two numbers in a blood pressure reading – is highly likely to cause neurotic personality trait, finds research published in the open access journal General Psychiatry.

    And keeping it under control can help curb neurotic behaviours, anxiety, as well as heart and circulatory diseases, conclude the researchers.

    High blood pressure is a major risk for cardiovascular disease and thought to be associated with psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression and neuroticism.

    Neuroticism is a personality trait characterised by susceptibility to negative emotions, including anxiety and depression.

    But which causes which isn’t entirely clear.

    In a bid to find out, the researchers used a technique called Mendelian randomisation.

    This uses genetic variants as proxies for a particular risk factor – in this case, blood pressure 0 to obtain genetic evidence in support of a causal relationship, reducing the biases inherent in observational studies.

    Between 30 and 60 per cent of blood pressure is down to genetic factors, and over 1,000 genetic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with it.

    SNPs help predict a person’s response to certain drugs, susceptibility to environmental factors, and their risk of developing diseases.

    The researchers drew on eight large-scale study datasets containing whole genome DNA extracted from blood samples from people of predominantly European ancestry.

    They applied Mendelian randomisation to the four traits of blood pressure – systolic blood pressure (736,650 samples), diastolic blood pressure (736,650), pulse pressure (systolic minus diastolic blood pressure; 736,650), and high blood pressure (above 140/90 mmHg; 463,010) – with four psychological states, ie anxiety (463,010 samples), depressive symptoms (180,866), neuroticism (170,911) and subjective well-being (298,420).

    The analysis revealed that high blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure had significant causal effects on neuroticism, but not on anxiety, depressive symptoms or subjective well-being.

    But after adjusting for multiple tests, only diastolic blood pressure was significantly associated with neuroticism (over 90 per cent), based on 1,074 SNPs.

    The researchers acknowledge limitations to their findings. For example, it wasn’t possible to completely exclude pleiotropy, where one gene can affect several traits. And the findings may not be more widely applicable beyond people of European ancestry.

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