FLAGSTAFF, ARIZONA (AP) – The northern Arizona city of Flagstaff is synonymous with mountains – lush with ponderosa pines, meadows and hiking trails that are a respite from the desert heat.
Now, parts of them are burning yet again this year, fuelled by winds that grounded air resources on Monday. Fire crews were anticipating more moderate winds on Tuesday and throughout the week, which could help them get a better handle on the blaze that has largely spared homes but made a run into a wilderness area and toward a lava dome volcano.
Residents around the city looked toward the mountains as smoke billowed through the air and winds howled, some scared, some nervous – most hoping that moisture in the forecast late this week brings some relief.
“We’re most definitely dry,” Flagstaff resident Colin Challifour said late on Monday. “The forests are dry. It’s unfortunate. You don’t like to see it.”
Roughly 2,500 homes have been evacuated because of two wildfires burning on the outskirts of Flagstaff. One home and a secondary structure burned, the Coconino County Sheriff’s Office said. Hundreds of other people in California and New Mexico have also been forced to flee homes threatened by wildfires.
In northern Arizona, Coconino County declared an emergency because of the wildfire.
Fire incident Commander Aaron Graeser said the Flagstaff-area blaze is one of the top priorities in the country for firefighting resources. It was estimated at 20 square kilometres late on Monday, but fire managers haven’t been able to do aerial mapping.
Two other smaller wildfires northeast of the blaze merged, forcing evacuations in a more remote area on Monday.
Wildfires broke out early this spring in multiple states in the Western United States (US), where climate change and an enduring drought are fanning the frequency and intensity of forest and grassland fires. A springtime fire outside Flagstaff destroyed more than two dozen homes. Most of the residents who evacuated then are out of their homes again because of this latest wildfire.
The number of square kilometres burned so far this year is more than double the 10-year national average, and states like New Mexico have already set records with devastating blazes that destroyed hundreds of homes while causing environmental damage that is expected to affect water supplies.
Nationally, more than 6,200 wildland firefighters are battling nearly three dozen uncontained fires that had charred over 4,408 square kilometres, according to the National Interagency Fire Center.
Even in Alaska, forecasters have warned that many fire in the state’s south have grown exceptionally over the last week, which is unusual. Southwest Alaska normally experiences shorter periods of high fire danger because intermittent rain can provide relief, but since mid-May the region has been hot and windy, drying out vegetation.
Favourable weather on Monday helped slow the progression of a tundra wildfire just over 4.8 kilometres away from an Alaska Native village. Moderate temperatures and a shift in the wind that had been driving the fire toward St Mary’s will allow firefighters to directly attack the flames and increase protections for the Yup’ik community.
The lightning-sparked fire is estimated at about 500 square kilometres. It’s burning dry grass and shrubs in southwest Alaska’s mostly treeless tundra.
In California, evacuations were ordered for about 300 remote homes near a wildfire that flared up over the weekend in forest land northeast of Los Angeles near the Pacific Crest Trail in the San Gabriel Mountains. It had scorched about 3.9 square kilometres of pine trees and dry brush as of Monday and was 27 per cent contained, fire spokesperson Dana Dierkes said.
A second fire in Tehama County in Northern California had destroyed 10 buildings, damaged four others and threatened about 160 structures, fire officials said. It was 20 per cent contained on Monday night.
Farther south in San Diego County, five people were rescued after a small wildfire broke out on Monday near the US-Mexico border, authorities said.
The causes of the latest California fires were under investigation.
Authorities don’t yet know what started the northern Arizona fire. A man who was camping near where the fire was reported on Sunday was cited a day earlier for lighting toilet paper on fire in violation of a year-round fire ban in the area, but he is not charged with starting the wildfire.