Exhibition throws light on Kalashnikov

MOSCOW (AFP) – Dozens of youngsters from Russia’s Youth Army have been getting up close and personal with perhaps the world’s most iconic firearm as their country prepares to mark the centenary of the birth of Mikhail Kalashnikov, maker of the legendary rifle.

Children from the roughly half a million-strong patriotic movement, which Russians can join from the age of eight, have been thronging to an exhibition at Victory Museum in western Moscow, getting a chance to assemble Kalashnikovs and pose for selfies next to the famous automatic weapon.

Russia will next month celebrate the life of Kalashnikov, designer of the AK-47, with a number of events, including the museum display and a biopic.

Kalashnikov, who died in 2013 at the age of 94, is seen in Russia as a national hero and symbol of the country’s proud military past.

His AK-47 has become a weapon of choice for both guerrillas and governments the world over.

It is also a staple of early military education in Russia.

Members of Russia’s Young Army patriotic movement get a close-up look at Russia’s iconic Kalashnikov at a Moscow exhibition dedicated to their inventor. PHOTOS: AFP
A visitor reads up on the exploits of ‘Kalashnikov, a soldier, a designer, a legend’ at Moscow’s Victory Museum

Maxim, a young cadet, said he learnt to put together and take apart an AK rifle at school.

“At first your fingers hurt, but then it’s quite easy,” he told AFP.

The exhibition was put together by the Kalashnikov museum in Izhevsk, an industrial town in the Ural mountains, where the inventor worked at the Izhmash weapons factory until his retirement.

Alexander Yermakov, the museum’s deputy director, said he hoped the inventor’s story would inspire “the next generation of Kalashnikovs”.

Kalashnikov was showered with every possible major prize in the Soviet Union, and the Kremlin in 2009 gave him the highest honour – Hero of Russia. In 2017, authorities unveiled a monument to Kalashnikov holding his weapon in central Moscow.

Born in a Siberian village on November 10, 1919, Kalashnikov had a tragic childhood during which his father was deported as a kulak (prosperous peasant) in 1930.

Wounded during a bloody battle with Nazi forces in 1941, Kalashnikov was given a leave during which he thought up the first versions of the rifle.

In 1945, a prototype was entered into a competition and the design was eventually recommended for use in the Soviet army.

It quickly became prized for its simplicity, cheapness and sturdy reliability.

AK-47’s name stands for “Kalashnikov’s Automatic” and the year its final version was designed, 1947. More than 100 million Kalashnikovs have been sold worldwide and about 50 armies use the AK-47 including those in Iraq and Somalia.

Although Kalashnikov said he created the rifle to “defend the fatherland’s borders”, Moscow first used the gun internationally to put down riots in East Berlin in 1953 and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, journalist CJ Chivers wrote in his book  The Gun.

Chivers challenged the official narrative according to which a lone maverick inventor came up with a genius design.

“The weapon was designed collectively, the culmination of work by many people over many years,” Chivers wrote.

The breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 opened the floodgates for weapons trafficking, and the AK turned into the preferred weapon for guerillas, dictators, and even school shooters in the United States (US).

The kalash, as the firearm is called in Russian and French, has been used in attacks in Paris, to settle scores among gangs and poach for wildlife in Africa.

In his twilight years Kalashnikov said he was tormented by the thought that his invention had caused so many deaths.