One death and 43 cases associated with dengue have been reported as of today, the Ministry of Health (MoH) stated in a press release, but assured that the situation is under control, despite several neighbouring countries reporting increased dengue fever cases.
The MoH also shared that number of current cases shows a slight decrease compared to 2019 where 69 cases were reported during the same period, and added that they will continue to monitor the situation and inform the public of any developments if necessary.
Dengue is a female Aedes mosquito-borne disease caused by a dengue virus infection. Dengue fever symptoms will begin three to 14 days after the mosquito bite and lasts for two to seven days.
The symptoms include sudden and persistent fever, muscle ache and the lack of energy. The infection with the dengue virus can also sometimes cause more severe symptoms including bleeding and death, known as Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF).
Four types of serotype dengue virus have been identified (DEN1, 2, 3 and 4). A person infected with one of the serotypes of the dengue virus and subsequently infected by another serotype increases their risk of getting DHF.
Aedes mosquitos can be found in most places in Brunei Darussalam. It can easily breed in water reservoirs either indoors or outdoors such as flower pots, clogged drains, plastic bottles and tyres used as landscape compositions; in places where water reservoirs are not tightly closed such as water tanks, buckets, vases (tajau) and the like; as well as garbage that can hold water such as empty cans, abandoned tyres and food containers.
Dengue has no specific treatment. Treatment is more focussed on supportive treatment to relieve symptoms of infection as well as close monitoring in hospital, if needed.
More details on Borneo Bulletin Sunday