The population of Brunei Darussalam in 2022 was 445,400 people, an increase of 1.1 per cent compared to 2021 (440,715 persons), according to the Reports of the Population Estimates 2022 released by the Department of Economic Planning and Statistics (JPES).
The reports present the data of population estimates and key demographic characteristics of the Sultanate’s population in 2022.
The population in 2022 comprised 235,000 males (52.8 per cent) and 210,400 females (47.2 per cent), while the sex ratio was 111.7 males for every 100 females, according to the report.
Brunei citizens accounted for the largest share of the population at 338,300 people (76 per cent).
Meanwhile, there were 25,800 permanent residents (5.8 per cent) and 81,300 temporary residents (18.3 per cent).
Brunei-Muara District had the highest population at 322,400 people (72.4 per cent of the total population).
This was followed by Belait District with 66,100 people (14.8 per cent); Tutong District with 47,400 people (10.6 per cent) and Temburong District with 9,500 people (2.1 per cent).
In the aspect of age distribution, about 91,500 people (20.5 per cent of the total population) were below 15 years of age.
Some 325,200 people (73 per cent) were in the working age group of 15-64 years, and 28,700 people (6.4 per cent) were aged 65 years and over.
The median age in 2022 was 32.0 years compared to 31.7 years in 2021.
The reports also showed that the Malays formed the largest community in the country with 327,300 people (73.5 per cent of the total population).
The Chinese racial group comprised 42,300 people (9.5 per cent), while other races were at 75,800 people (17 per cent).
The compilation for the estimates is based on the date of the Population and Housing Census (BPP) 2021 and incorporates the major components of population change – births and deaths for natural increase, and net migration.
The main data source for the estimate are from the Immigration and National Registration Department of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The report is available on JPES’ website.