LONDON (AFP) – A Brexit trade deal between Britain and the European Union (EU) looked to be hanging in the balance yesterday after gloomy assessments from leaders on both sides of the Channel, with just hours left before last-gasp talks conclude.
United Kingdom (UK) Prime Minister Boris Johnson and European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen have given their negotiators until today before a decision is made on whether to keep talking or give up.
The mood worsened after von der Leyen told EU leaders at a marathon Brussels summit there were “low expectations” and the “probability of a no-deal is higher than of a deal”.
Ireland and Germany tried to raise spirits, agreeing that a pact was “difficult but still possible”.
But Johnson said it was looking “very, very likely” that Britain would end up dealing with its biggest single trading partner on World Trade Organization (WTO) terms from the New Year.
“If there’s a big offer, a big change in what they (the EU) are saying then I must say that I’ve yet to see it,” he told reporters.
The comments did nothing to inspire confidence in the British pound, which extended its losses on currency markets, dropping more than one per cent against the dollar.
“Traders are turning their back on the pound as the language being used now is more serious,” CMC Markets analyst David Madden told AFP.
UK Chief negotiator David Frost and his EU counterpart Michel Barnier are trying to carve out a deal by today, with just three weeks left until the end of a transition period following Britain’s departure from the bloc in January.
Whatever happens, Britain will leave the EU single market and customs union, leading to the re-introduction of border checks for the first time in decades.
That has already raised the prospect of heavy traffic clogging roads leading to seaports in southern and southeast England, as bureaucracy lengthens waiting times for imports and exports.
Transport companies have also warned that Ireland could see import volumes shrink in the event of new customs for goods routed through Britain.
“As an industry we’re looking to plan ahead but there’s so many unknowns it becomes difficult,” Road Haulage Association Director Martin Reid told the Press Association.
Logjams at the Felixstowe container port in eastern England and elsewhere have already raised fears of more to come, and delays in deliveries to shops, businesses and industry.
But Johnson’s spokesman said they were mainly caused by a “global spike” in demand for consumer goods and the effect of the coronavirus outbreak on shipping patterns and container capacity.
Brexit trade talks have been deadlocked over the extent of EU access to British fishing grounds and rules governing fair competition.
An EU official refused to rule out a last-minute “turnaround” for a deal, even after the bloc published “no-deal” contingency planning in what was seen as a warning shot to Britain.
Johnson again said fishing and the so-called level playing field were key issues, in particular a “ratchet clause” that would bind Britain to match any future EU legislation.
Von der Leyen told a post-summit news conference the proposed “equivalence” rules would not be compulsory and Britain could act as it sees fit.
“We would simply adapt the conditions for access to our market accordingly,” she added.
Johnson’s spokesman said that would still leave Britain tied to decisions made in Brussels.
In the event of no-deal Brexit, the Royal Navy is ready to deploy four armed patrol ships as a “last resort” to protect Britain’s fishing waters, the defence ministry confirmed to local media.
Johnson won a snap election a year ago with the promise of an “oven-ready” Brexit deal that would break years of political deadlock since Britain voted in 2016 to exit the EU.
But he has been under pressure to make good on his promise.
Johnson’s assessment that Britain would “prosper mightily” on WTO rules with the EU – what he calls “Australia terms” – has not been universally welcomed.
Tariffs and quotas would drive up the cost of business that would be passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices in an economy already reeling from the coronavirus pandemic.
As a whole, the EU is Britain’s biggest trading partner. Australia in comparison is the EU’s 19th-largest trading partner.
Australia’s former prime minister Malcolm Turnbull warned Johnson on Thursday: “Be careful what you wish for.”
“Australia’s relationship with the EU is not one from a trade point of view that I think Britain would want, frankly,” he said.