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    BP profits soar in Q3 as pressure increases for windfall tax

    LONDON (AP) – BP’s earnings more than doubled in the third quarter (Q3) as the London-based energy giant benefitted from high oil and natural gas prices following Ukraine’s invasion.

    Underlying replacement cost profit, which excludes one-time items and fluctuations in the value of inventories, jumped to USD8.15 billion from USD3.32 billion in the same period last year, BP said yesterday. The company also announced plans to reward shareholders, buying back another USD2.5 billion of stock.

    Soaring earnings at British energy companies are fuelling calls for the government to expand a tax on their windfall profits as Prime Minister Rishi Sunak struggles to close an estimated GBP40 billion (USD46 billion) hole in the budget. BP rival Shell last week said Q3 earnings more than doubled to USD9.45 billion.

    United States (US) President Joe Biden also has floated the possibility of a windfall tax if energy companies don’t boost domestic production, accusing them on Monday of “war profiteering”.

    It comes as oil companies around the world are seeing earnings surge, with Saudi’s Aramco yesterday reporting a USD42.4 billion profit, it’s second-highest quarterly earnings ever.

    CEO of oil and gas company BP Bernard Looney talks during the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. PHOTO: AP

    Last week, Texas-based Exxon Mobil broke records with USD19.66 billion in profits in the three months to September and California-based Chevron got close to its peak from last quarter with USD11.23 billion.

    For BP, it is plowing some of the profits from high oil and natural gas prices into renewable energy as it tries to eliminate net carbon emissions by 2050. During the third quarter, the company bought Archaea Energy, which produces natural gas from landfills and other waste sites across the US and agreed to buy 40.5 per cent of the Asian Renewable Energy Hub, which plans to develop wind and solar power projects in Western Australia.

    “This quarter’s results reflect us continuing to perform while transforming,” Chief Executive Bernard Looney said in a statement.

    Britain in May imposed an additional 25 per cent tax on profits earned from oil and gas extraction in the United Kingdom (UK). The temporary tax is designed to raise about GBP5 billion through the end of 2025. The new tax cost BP USD778 million in the Q3, the company said.

    The pressure on the UK government is likely to increase for a higher windfall tax.

    “We need to raise more money from a windfall tax on oil and gas companies and actively encourage them to invest in renewables,” said Alok Sharma, who chaired COP26, the last United Nations climate summit.

    BP’s earnings jumped as Brent crude, a benchmark for European oil prices, averaged USD100.84 a barrel in the third quarter, 37 per cent higher than during the same period last year.

    Natural gas prices have been even more volatile as Russia curtails supplies to Europe. In the UK, wholesale gas prices averaged 137 per cent higher than a year earlier.

    Although prices have fallen in recent weeks, BP said it expects them to remain high during the fourth quarter after the OPEC+ group of oil-exporting nations cut production and as Russia limits gas supplies.

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