Asian markets struggle as inflation worries offset recovery hopes

HONG KONG (AFP) – Markets mostly fell yesterday as falling infection rates and more good news on the vaccine front were overshadowed by growing worries about high valuations and inflation.

While the United States (US) is approaching 500,000 deaths, there is optimism that there is light at the end of the tunnel in the COVID-19 crisis as governments embark on immunisation programmes that will allow economies to re-open.

Expectations that US President Joe Biden’s vast stimulus will be passed next month are also keeping spirits up, as a raft of data last week on factory and services activity indicated the financial hit to the US and Europe might not be as bad as feared.

News that the Pfizer/BioNTech jab appeared to prevent nine in 10 people from getting the disease provided a positive background. Officials also said the shot was 99 per cent effective at preventing deaths from the disease.

Meanwhile, hopes for a wider distribution were given a lift after Pfizer said its drug could be stored in normal medical freezers instead of the ultra-cold conditions initially thought necessary.

A Wall Street sign at the New York Stock Exchange. PHOTO: AFP

Shanghai led losses, shedding more than one per cent as the Chinese central bank sucked cash out of financial markets to ease bubble concerns. Hong Kong, Sydney, Seoul, Wellington, Manila, Mumbai and Bangkok also fell, though there were gains in Tokyo, Singapore and Jakarta.

The rally that has characterised the past few months looks to have come to a halt as traders fret that prices may have become a little too frothy.

There is growing concern that the expected recovery and Biden’s spending package will fire a surge in inflation, which could force the Federal Reserve to wind back the loose monetary policies and record-low interest rates that have been a key pillar of a near-year-long market surge.

“The Biden administration continues to stay on message stressing Congress’ need to pass a significant fiscal package, downplaying recent more robust economic data as… a package exceeding USD1.9 trillion heads for a House vote this week,” said Axi strategist Stephen Innes.

“The unprecedented and highly stimulatory policy is an attempt to exceed one million jobs a month from April to September.

“But timing is everything. The next leg of the reflation will have to be carried more and more by a continued recovery in economic growth… and all the while this will bring the Fed closer to acknowledge that policy normalisation is coming.”

And Simon Ballard at First Abu Dhabi Bank warned that more big gains in stocks are “going to create increasing levels of concern”.

He added, “It’s driven by, on one side, stimulus expectations from Biden and also the expectation of that continued dovish rhetoric and more acceptance of early stages of inflation from the Fed.”

However, OANDA’s Jeffrey Halley said Treasury yields were still below pre-COVID levels and that the rise to one-year highs was “no bad thing” as it showed the economy was improving.