GENEVA (AFP) – African countries are pushing for the United Nations’ (UN) top rights body to launch a high-level investigation into “systemic racism” and police violence in the United States (US) and beyond, according to a draft resolution introduced on Tuesday.
The text was the subject of heated discussions in Geneva ahead of a so-called “urgent debate” on the topic at the United Nations Human Rights Council yesterday.
The debate was called for following unrest in the US and elsewhere over George Floyd’s death in police custody.
The draft resolution, introduced by the African group, condemns “racial discriminatory and violent practices perpetrated by law enforcement agencies against Africans and people of African descent and structural racism endemic to the criminal justice system, in the United States of America and other parts of the world”.
The text calls for the establishment of an independent international commission of inquiry (COI) – one of the UN’s highest-level probes, generally reserved for major crises like the Syrian conflict.
The commission, the text said, should probe “systemic racism, alleged violations of international human rights law and abuses against Africans and of people of African descent in the US” and elsewhere by law enforcement agencies.
The aim, it said, should be “bringing perpetrators to justice”.
The investigators should also probe “government responses to peaceful protests, including the alleged use of excessive force against protesters, bystanders and journalists,” it said.
A senior US diplomat in Geneva voiced outrage at the draft resolution.
“Our transparency, commitment to a free press, and insistence on the right to justice allow the world to see our problems and openly engage on our efforts at finding solutions,” said the diplomat.
“It is countries that hide the truth, violently silence their critics, don’t have democratic accountability, and refuse even to recognise fundamental freedoms that merit censure.”
Another senior US official, speaking to AFP in Washington, said the US would take a “hard look” at whether to cooperate on a COI.
“I think it’s a ridiculous idea,” he said of the COI, saying the US would want to “impose some ground rules” if it is approved.
The draft resolution urges the US government, as well as other relevant countries, to “cooperate fully” with the COI, which would present its findings to the council in a year’s time.
The rights council’s 47 members voted on the resolution following the urgent debate yesterday.
George Floyd’s brother addressed the council by video link.
Floyd, a 46-year-old black man who died in Minneapolis on May 25 after a white police officer, who has since been charged with murder, pressed his knee on his neck for nearly nine minutes.
His death, which was caught on video, has sparked global outrage. The US itself withdrew from the council two years ago, but observers of the process said some of its allies were strongly opposed to the text.
A Western diplomat said a number of countries felt the resolution was “being pushed through to advance a political agenda”.