VERONA, ITALY (AP) — The Verona Arena amphitheater in northern Italy has returned to staging full operas for the first time since the pandemic — but with one big difference.
The monumental sets that normally fill the vast amphitheatre stage have been replaced by dynamic, 3D images broadcast on huge LED screens, recreating a Sicilian village or a Fellini-esque film backlot.
Distancing rules meant that stagehands moving sets had to be limited in the cramped backstage in the open-air Roman-era amphitheatre, setting in motion a reimagining of the 98th Verona Arena Opera Festival.
For this season, technology is standing in for the sets for which the Arena is famous, ones big enough to fill the vast stage and engage even audience members sitting far away in the uppermost seats.
“We understood already last year in November that we needed to have another plan, in the eventuality that we couldn’t use the big sets,’’ said the Arena’s General Manager, Cecilia Gasdia. “After all, the Verona Arena is used to doing huge shows, a little pharaonic, with great artistic quality.”
Deputy Creative Director Stefano Trespidi tapped technical wizards at DWOK, an Italian company specialising in advanced video design that helped create La Scala’s all-virtual 2020 season premier and designed virtual sets for a production of Aida at the Sydney opera.
“They are artists and technicians at the same time, and that is not easy,’’ Trespidi said. “This is a great innovation; innovations need time to take hold. The process that we started today we don’t know where it will take us. Certainly, it will take us forward.”
Friday’s season-opening premiere was a double-bill of Pietro Mascagni’s Cavalleria rusticana and Ruggiero Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci, a production planned for the 2020 season that was never staged due to restrictions that limited performances to concerts. In fact, wooden sets for last year’s Cavalleria remain unfinished at the Arena’s cavernous workshop at the edge of the city, set aside for perhaps a future edition.
Instead, a Sicilian village was created on 400 square metres of LED screens, with projections of a hillside, a church façade and craggy buildings, all with three-dimensional depth. Moving clouds gave the scene dynamism, while singers and actors moved up and down a physical staircase and through a foreground filled with tables and chairs to create a central piazza.
While Cavalleria rusticana was nostalgically staged in black, white and grey, the Pagliacci cast was dressed in bright technicolour costumes, against a more spare backdrop inspired by a Fellini film set, and underlining the collision of real life and theatre in the opera.
The video component also includes cameo imagery from Italian museums in each of the five new operas, including also Aida, Nabucco and La Traviata. The collaborations, including with the Vatican Museum, the Uffizi and Turin’s Egyptian Museum, are meant as a gesture of solidarity with another cultural branch that also suffered from restrictions during the pandemic.