The Brunei Darussalam National Council on Climate Change (BNCCC) launched the nation’s first climate change policy called ‘The Brunei Darussalam National Climate Change Policy’ (BNCCP) yesterday to pave the pathway towards Brunei Darussalam’s low carbon and climate-resilience for a sustainable nation.
The launching ceremony was held at the Banquet Hall, Prime Minister’s Office Complex.
Minister of Development and Co-Chair of the BNCCC Dato Seri Setia Ir Awang Haji Suhaimi bin Haji Gafar was present.
Minister of Primary Resources and Tourism Dato Seri Setia Awang Haji Ali bin Haji Apong, Minister of Transport and Infocommunications Dato Seri Setia Awang Abdul Mutalib bin Pehin Orang Kaya Seri Setia Dato Paduka Haji Mohd Yusof and Acting Minister of Energy Dato Seri Paduka Awang Haji Matsatejo bin Sokiaw as BNCCC members also participated.
Deputy Minister of Development Dato Seri Paduka Ar Awang Haji Marzuke bin Haji Mohsin, Legislative Council member and co-founder of Green Brunei Yang Berhormat Khairunnisa binti Haji Awang Ash’ari, Permanent Secretary (Energy) at the Ministry of Energy Haji Azhar bin Haji Yahya as Chair of the Executive Committee on Climate Change and members of the Executive Committee on Climate Change comprising permanent secretaries, deputy permanent secretaries, chief executive officers, managing directors and presidents of governmental and non-governmental agencies (NGOs) were also present.
Following the launch, Haji Azhar presented a copy of the BNCCP to the ministers and the deputy minister.
In recognising the nation’s foundations towards constructing a successful Zikir Nation, the BNCCP is driven by the five Maqasid (objectives) of the Syariah. The core strategic areas are guided by the principles of achieving Brunei Vision 2035 and promoting economic security, sustainability and prosperity through a low carbon approach in protecting the environment to ensure environmental sustainability.
The policy focusses on 10 core strategic areas with objectives that are to be implemented in the next 15 years which include industrial emissions, forest cover, electric vehicles, renewable energy, power management, carbon pricing, waste management, climate resilience and adaptation, carbon inventory, and awareness and education.
Each strategy contains its own strategic objectives, policy tools, timeline and key performance indicators (KPIs) as a precursor to the action needed to take place to achieve each strategic target.
The 10 key strategies of the BNCCP will be adopted with 2035 as a general target year. Under the key strategy for industrial emissions, the country will be reducing overall emissions in the industrial sector through ‘Zero Routine Flaring’ and to ensure it is ‘As Low As Reasonably Practicable’ (ALARP). Meanwhile for forest cover, the strategy is to increase carbon sink through afforestation and reforestation with a target of planting 500,000 new trees.
Under electric vehicles, Brunei is looking to increase the total share of electric vehicles to 60 per cent of total annual vehicles sales while for renewable energy is to increase the total share of renewable energy to at least 30 per cent of total capacity in the power generation mix.
In power management, Brunei is looking to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 10 per cent through better supply and demand management of electricity consumption; while under carbon pricing, impose price on carbon emissions; and for waste management, reduce municipal waste to landfills to one kg/person/day.
Under the strategy for climate resilience and adaptation, Brunei is looking at increasing capacity to adapt to climate impacts and in achieving resilience while in strategy for carbon inventory, mandatory monthly and annual reporting of carbon inventory.
For awareness and education, the country is looking to increase awareness and education surrounding mitigation and adaptation responses against climate change.
The implementation of this policy shows a potential of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to more than 50 per cent in 2035 in comparison to the Business-as-Usual level. With the BNCCP, both mitigation and adaptation strategies can be adopted to ensure that climate change issues are actively addressed in the short, medium and long-term. The BNCCP was drafted by the Climate Policy Drafting Committee (CPDC) which consists of 39 agencies involving the government, private sector, research institutions, academics, associations, NGOs and a group of about 51 youth representatives to emphasise that climate change issues are ‘cross-sectoral’ and require a ‘Whole-of-Nation’ approach.
This reflects the government’s initiative in ensuring that the newly introduced policy is comprehensive and has taken into consideration views from all sectors of the community. The electronic version of the BNCCP can be accessed from www.climatechange.gov.bn.
An operational document for the implementation of each key strategy in the policy will be produced. This will include, among others, identifying relevant regulations or acts needed to be enforced to regulate the policy implementation.
The BNCCC was formally established in 2018 to address the challenges and impacts of climate change on a national level and strengthen the climate change governance. The BNCCC is jointly chaired by the Minister of Development and Minister of Energy. Its members also include Minister of Primary Resources and Tourism, Minister of Transport and Infocommunications and Deputy Minister of Energy. Brunei Climate Change Secretariat was also established in the same year as a secretariat to coordinate the climate change governance, as well as, given mandate to develop, implement and monitor climate change policies, actions and strategies in Brunei Darussalam.