FRANKFURT AM MAIN (AFP) – In what could be one of the biggest financial frauds of recent years, shooting-star German payments provider Wirecard yesterday admitted EUR1.9 billion that auditors said are missing from its accounts likely “do not exist”.
The scandal has already claimed the scalp of founder and chief executive Markus Braun, and adds to a series of recent German upsets.
Over the past decade, business headlines have been dominated by the crippling consequences of repeated financial infractions at Deutsche Bank and the globe-spanning “dieselgate” emissions fraud that has cost carmaker Volkswagen more than EUR30 billion.
In Wirecard’s case, the EUR1.9 billion (USD2.1 billion) that were supposed to be sitting in trust accounts in the Philippines make up a quarter of the company’s balance sheet.
But “on the basis of further examination… there is a prevailing likelihood that the bank trust account balances in the amount of EUR1.9 billion do not exist”, Wirecard said.
The admission that the sums have vanished follows more than a year of reporting, especially by the Financial Times (FT), on accounting irregularities in the company’s Asian division.
Now Wirecard is in crisis talks with banks to keep the lights on and is “examining a broad range of possible further measures to ensure continuation of its business operations”, including restructuring and selling off or simply halting some activities.
Interim CEO James Freis has tasked investment bank Houlihan Lokey with the tough talks with creditors. But investors’ confidence appeared to be evaporating fast, as shares in Wirecard were trading around EUR16 early yesterday – down from almost 100 last Wednesday, before auditors’ doubts about the missing cash became public.
The scandal marks a stunning fall from grace for the Bavarian start-up, set up in 1999 and once a darling of the fintech scene owing to the global increase in electronic payments.
From humble beginnings, the firm entered Germany’s prestigious DAX 30 index with great fanfare in 2018 after elbowing out traditional lender Commerzbank.
Now Wirecard’s name is more frequently heard in association with Enron. The Texan energy company’s early-2000s collapse featuring accounting fraud, complicit auditors and political connections shook the United States (US) economy.
There could well be further revelations to come in the Wirecard scandal. Its board “assesses that previous descriptions of the so-called Third Party Acquiring business by the company are not correct”, the group’s statement said.
“The company continues to examine, whether, in which manner and to what extent such business has actually been conducted,” Wirecard added.
On Sunday, the Philippines central bank had said that none of the missing USD2.1 billion had entered the Philippine financial system. The names of two of the country’s biggest banks – BDO and BPI – were used to try to mislead eventual investigators, it added.
Both BDO and BPI have said that Wirecard was neither a client nor a business partner, the central bank said, adding that it had warned Wirecard’s auditors Ernst and Young.
Wirecard, which employs nearly 6,000 people, has for now withdrawn its preliminary results for 2019 and the first quarter of this year as well as financial targets for 2025.
“Potential effects on the annual financial accounts of previous years cannot be excluded,” Wirecard added.
Wirecard execs initially pooh-poohed FT reporting about financial irregularities, and German financial markets watchdog BaFin said it was investigating the paper for potential ties to short-sellers betting against the shares.
But in the meantime, auditors KPMG were reviewing Wirecard’s accounts for 2016-18.
BaFin ultimately filed charges with Munich prosecutors alleging “market manipulation” by the group’s four-strong board, targetting their attempts to present intermediate steps of the audit in a favourable light.
The filings “could have given misleading signals for the company’s stock market price”, prosecutors said.
The hammer blow came when auditors Ernst and Young said on Thursday that USD1.9 billion were missing from Wirecard’s accounts, and Braun resigned the next day.