RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) — With Brazil emerging as one of the world’s most infected countries, President Jair Bolsonaro is deflecting all responsibility for the coronavirus crisis, casting blame on mayors, governors, an outgoing health minister and the media.
By contrast, he portrays himself as a clear-eyed crusader willing to defend an unpopular idea — that shutting down the economy to control COVID-19 will ultimately cause more suffering than allowing the disease to run its course. The refusal of governors to fall into line with his decree allowing gyms to open, he said, verged on authoritarianism.
Confronted with a travel ban imposed on Brazil by the United States (US) because of widespread COVID-19, one of his advisers called it press hysteria.
Since the outbreak started, the Brazilian leader has avoided acknowledging the potential effects of his actions, particularly in undermining local leaders’ stay-at-home recommendations. A rare exception came in mid-April, as Bolsonaro appointed a new health minister tasked with sparing the economy from the coronavirus.
“Reopening commerce is a risk I run because, if it (the virus) gets worse, then it lands in my lap,” he said.
Less than two weeks later, as Brazil’s death toll blew past 5,000, he told reporters, “You’re not going to put on my lap this count that isn’t mine.”
Almost a month on, the death toll in the country of 211 million has more than quadrupled, to 23,473, and continues to accelerate.
The Brazilian Supreme Court determined that states and cities have jurisdiction to impose isolation measures. So Bolsonaro on May 7 walked purposefully across the capital’s Three Powers Plaza to the top court, a tight cluster of ministers and business leaders in tow, and demanded local restrictions be tempered.
“Some states went too far in their restrictive measures, and the consequences are knocking on our door,” he said, adding that tens of millions of Brazilians have lost their income. He has repeatedly singled out some local leaders by name.
When governors defied Bolsonaro’s subsequent decree that gyms, barbershops and beauty salons be allowed to operate as essential services, he accused them of undermining the rule of law and suggested the move would invite “undesirable authoritarianism to emerge in Brazil”.
On Saturday night, Bolsonaro ventured into the capital of Brasilia to lead by example, this time eating a hot dog bought from a street vendor. Video he posted to Facebook showed supporters snapping selfies and calling him by his nickname — ‘Myth!’ — while those in self-quarantine in overlooking apartments banged pots and pans in protest.
A May 17-18 poll by XP/Ipespe found 58 per cent of those surveyed rated Bolsonaro’s pandemic response as bad or terrible, and only 21 per cent as good or excellent. Governors fared more than twice as well in both counts. The poll had a margin of error of 3.2 percentage points.
Havoc and heartache are unfolding beneath a void of leadership, according to Executive Director of Brazil’s Institute for Health Policy Studies Miguel Lago which advises public health officials. Two health ministers have left office during the pandemic, making Brazil the world’s only nation that can claim such distinction, he said.
Brazil is “completely incapable of dealing with and responding to this crisis as this crisis should be responded to — with complete leadership, clear messages, political stability and unity”, Lago said. “That’s not the case here. Basically, what we’re seeing is a complete lack of seriousness and competence.”
In the capital on Sunday, pro-Bolsonaro supporters staged a small demonstration in front of the Presidential palace, as they have for several weeks. Bolsonaro joined and once again lifted children in his arms.
He shared a video from a helicopter flyover of the demonstration that revealed a sparsely occupied plaza. There were perhaps 1,000 people in attendance, in a city of three million.
Bolsonaro’s Special Adviser on International Affairs Filipe Martins tweeted that the US ban was the natural result of Brazil’s large population. “There isn’t anything specifically against Brazil. Ignore the hysteria from the press,” he said. Bolsonaro shared Martins’ comment on social media but has not commented himself.
Upon leaving the presidential residence on Monday morning, Bolsonaro declined to answer reporters’ questions.
One supporter grabbed his attention, and she begged him to launch a “massive publicity” campaign to improve his negative image abroad.