KYIV, Ukraine (AP) – Ukraine’s Parliament has voted to lift the ban on the sale of farmland in a move that would allow the country to get USD8 billion worth of aid from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The bill, long pushed by economists to stimulate investment in agriculture, was approved by 259 votes out of 450 late Monday. It opens up the land market for Ukrainian citizens starting from July 1, 2021, and for Ukrainian companies starting from 2024.
Ukrainians will vote on a nationwide referendum on whether to allow foreigners to buy farmland.
Speaking in Parliament on Monday night, President Volodymyr Zelenskiy stressed the importance of getting the IMF loan.
“It is really important for us, to sign the memorandum with the IMF, and you know well that the two main conditions were the land law and the banking law,” Zelenskiy said.
Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal echoed his sentiment in televised remarks on Monday.
“Without the support of international organisations we will have to fall into the abyss of a financial meltdown,” Shmyhal said.
Earlier on Monday, lawmakers approved the banking law in the first reading. It prevents former owners of banks that were nationalised or liquidated from regaining ownership rights or receiving compensation from state funds.
Some said the bill, among others, targets billionaire tycoon Ihor Kolomoisky, whose Privatbank was nationalised in 2016 and who sought to get it back using his connections to Zelenskiy. In recent months, Zelenskiy has been trying to distance himself from Kolomoisky, who wasn’t hiding his ambitions to influence both domestic and foreign policies, observers said.
According to Zelenskiy, once Ukraine fulfils the conditions outlined by the IMF, it will receive the first batch of funds — USD1.75-USD2 billion — in 15 days.
“We agreed with the management of the IMF,” Zelenskiy said.