Japan declares state of emergency, ramping up virus battle

TOKYO (AP) — Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared a month-long state of emergency yesterday for Tokyo and six other prefectures to ramp up defences against the spread of the coronavirus.

Abe said yesterday that there would be no European-style lockdowns. The state of emergency will only permit Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike and heads of six other designated prefectures to do more to reinforce calls for social distancing. Virtually all of those measures will be requests that cannot be enforced with penalties for violations.

The COVID-19 outbreak is now rampant and rapidly spreading, threatening people’s health, their daily lives and the economy. Abe said he planned to keep the state of emergency in place for a month, until May 6.

The announcement follows surges in new cases in Tokyo, including consecutive rises exceeding 100 over the weekend. By Monday there were 1,116 confirmed cases in the metropolitan region of 14 million people. Nationwide, Japan has 3,906 confirmed cases, as well as a 712 from a cruise ship quarantined at Yokohama port near Tokyo, with 91 deaths.

Abe has been under pressure to declare a state of emergency to get better compliance with calls for social distancing as rising cases where there was no known contact with another patient led experts to say an alarming explosion in infections could overwhelm healthcare systems.

Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike welcomed the emergency measures, saying that because they are legally valid and involve coordinated action with the central government, she expects they “will prevail widely and deeply among the people”. Japan’s limits on official action during a state of emergency stem from its experience with repression and disasters stemming from fascist governments before and during World War II. The public is doubly wary due to the push by Abe’s ultra-conservative ruling party and its supporters for a Constitutional amendment to include a state of emergency clause for disaster and wartime contingencies.

Abe’s government is thought to have delayed declaring a state of emergency out of fear of how it might hurt the economy. But as fear of the pandemic has grown, the public and medical experts have increasingly supported taking more drastic action.

Abe repeatedly has said a hard lock down, like in Italy and France where nobody is supposed to be outside for non-essential reasons, is not envisaged for Japan. “We can only make a request, but it’s different from lock downs enforced in France and other countries,” he said last week.

Measures include: a stay-at-home request, guidance to schools on temporary closures and requests to close non-essential businesses and stores and to cancel or postpone events and exhibits. Violators cannot be penalised unless they fail to comply with orders on providing or storing emergency relief goods, such as surgical masks and medical equipment.

Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speaks as he declares a state of emergency during a meeting of a task force against the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak, at the prime minister’s official residence in Tokyo. PHOTO: AFP