Brunei population goes up 3.9pc, reaches 459,500

Azlan Othman

The mid-year population estimate of Brunei Darussalam for 2019 was 459,500 compared to 442,400 in 2018. This represented a growth rate of 3.9 per cent.

This was stated by the Department of Economic Planning and Statistics (DEPS) which released the Report of the Mid-Year Population Estimates 2019 presenting the population estimates and key demographic characteristics of Brunei Darussalam’s mid-year population in 2019.

The population comprised 244,500 males (53.2 per cent) and 215,000 females (46.8 per cent). The sex ratio was 114 males for every 100 females.

Out of the overall total population in 2019, Brunei Citizens accounted for the largest share of 72.2 per cent (331,800), while the shares of the Permanent Residents and Temporary Residents were 7.3 per cent (33,500) and 20.5 per cent (94,200).

DEPS said the compilation for the estimates is based on the final data of the Population and Housing Census Update (KBPP) 2016 and incorporating the major components of population change, that is births and deaths for natural increase, and net migration.

For the 2019 estimates, the compilation for net migration were made using relevant administrative data from the Immigration and National Registration Department, Ministry of Home Affairs, and the Department of Schools, Ministry of Education.

The Brunei-Muara District was the most populated district with 69.5 per cent (319,500) of the total population. This was followed by the Belait District (16.5 per cent or 75,900), the Tutong District (11.5 per cent or 52,700), and the Temburong District (2.5 per cent or 11,400).

From the age distribution aspect, about 20.6 per cent (94,600) of the population were below 15 years, 74.6 per cent (342,700) were in the working age group of 15-64 years and 4.8 per cent (22,200) were aged 65 years and over. The median age in 2019 was 30.6 years compared to 30.4 years in 2018.

The Malays with 65.8 per cent (302,200) of the total population formed the largest community in the country. The racial groups of Chinese and others comprised 10.3 per cent (47,200) and 24.0 per cent (110,100) of the population respectively.

The report of the mid-year population estimates 2019 is available at the DEPS’ website. For enquiries visit DEPS website or contact 2230250 or 2230265 (working hours); [email protected] and website: