KYIV, UKRAINE (AP) — Ukrainian lawmakers overwhelmingly voted on Wednesday to accept the resignation of the nation’s Prime Minister after a six-month tenure in which his performance came under severe criticism from President Volodymyr Zelenskiy.
The President’s Servant of the People party dominates the Ukrainian Parliament and took the lead in relieving Oleksiy Honcharuk of his post.
Forty lawmakers abstained from the vote but the message of the 353-0 tally was clear. Lawmakers later approved Deputy Prime Minister Denys Shmygal to be the new Prime Minister.
Addressing lawmakers before the resignation vote, Zelenskiy said Honcharuk, 35, failed to halt an industrial slump or meet tax collection targets.
“We need new brains and new hearts in the government,” the President said.
Shmygal, 44, who was named Deputy Prime Minister last month, previously served as head of the regional administration in Ukraine’s western Ivano-Frankivsk region.
“The citizens’ expectations are enormous and their patience is running out,” he told lawmakers, adding, “We need results today.”
Honcharuk first offered his resignation in January after he was caught on tape saying Zelenskiy — a former sitcom star with no previous political experience — knew nothing about the economy.
Zelenskiy called the situation “unpleasant” but asked Honcharuk to remain Prime Minister.
Two key Cabinet members also lost their posts in a broader government shake-up. Vice-Premier for European Affairs Dmytro Kulba was named the new Foreign Minister. The new Defence Minister is Andriy Taran, formerly the ministry representative in Ukraine’s United Nations (UN) delegation.
Zelenskiy said that while members of Honcharuk’s Cabinet weren’t mired in corruption, their efforts to eradicate graft haven’t been strong enough.
“It’s not enough not to steal,” he said. “We promised citizens to win the fight against corruption, and it hasn’t even been a tie.”
During a short speech to lawmakers, Honcharuk cited low inflation and macroeconomic stability as among his achievements. He praised Zelenskiy’s leadership.
“We have a good president. He’s a decent and honest person,” he said.
Zelenskiy’s approval ratings have dropped significantly since his landslide victory in Ukraine’s April 2019 presidential election.
Former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko described the Cabinet reshuffle as an attempt by Zelenskiy to shore up his sagging popularity by “shifting blame for his own failures”.
Zelenskiy, 42, campaigned on promises to end the war with Russia-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine and combat the country’s endemic corruption.
Zelenskiy initiated a new round of talks to settle the conflict and an exchange of war prisoners, but clashes in the east have persisted.
Over the past few months, Zelenskiy also found himself embroiled in the impeachment case against United States (US) President Donald Trump, who was accused of withholding around USD400 million in military aid to Ukraine to pressure it to investigate Democratic presidential rival Joe Biden.
Trump was impeached in December 2019 on two counts by the Democratic-run House, but the Republican-run Senate acquitted him on both counts.
Head of the Penta Center think tank based in Kyiv Volodymyr Fesenko said he thinks the Cabinet retooling is Zelenskiy’s response to growing public dissatisfaction.
“The main reason is disappointment and discontent, not just with Honcharuk, but with the government as a whole,” he said.
Fesenko noted that to secure a USD5.5 billion loan package agreed to last December, the Cabinet will have to persuade the International Monetary Fund (IMF) it that Ukraine remains on a path of reform.