Asian shares decline despite hopes for economic relief

TOKYO (AP) – Stocks dropped in Asia yesterday despite gains on Wall Street on hopes the Trump administration will act to cushion the economic pain of the virus outbreak.

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 lost 2.2 per cent to 19,427.38. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 plunged 3.6 per cent to 5,725.90. South Korea’s Kospi shed 2.9 per cent to 1,905.50. Chinese shares erased morning gains. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng fell 0.6 per cent to 25,238.08, while the Shanghai Composite dipped 0.5 per cent to 2,980.50.

“After the strong rebound yesterday, Asian markets were quite flat this morning. There is consistent fear about the spread of the coronavirus in the United States (US) as well as in Europe,” said Louis Wong of Philip Capital Management. He added that “investors are still worried that those fiscal stimulus packages may not be able to contain the virus outbreak as well as to mitigate the impact on the economy.”

Countries are shifting into damage-control mode as infections spread, prompting sweeping controls on travel and other public activities.

In Japan, a task force set up by the prime minister approved a JPY430 billion (USD4.1 billion) package on Tuesday with support for small to medium-sized businesses. Other governments in Asia have announced billions of dollars’ worth of stimulus and other measures to help protect their own struggling economies.

Australia’s government announced a USD1.6 billion virus-fighting package yesterday and reportedly plans an additional USD6.5 billion in economic stimulus to be proposed today.

On Wall Street, the day’s moves were a microcosm of the severe swings that have dominated recent weeks. Market watchers say investors want to see a big, coordinated response from governments and central banks to shore up the virus-weakened economy.

Men outside a stock brokerage that was closed except for limited transactions conducted through the glass of its front doors in Beijing. Asian stocks are mostly lower despite gains on Wall Street on hopes the Trump administration will act to cushion the economic pain of the virus outbreak. PHOTO: AP

The S&P 500 surged as much as 3.7 per cent in the morning, only to see the gains evaporate by midday. The index then bounced up and down before turning decisively higher after President Donald Trump pitched his ideas for a break on payroll taxes and other economic relief to Senate Republicans.

By the end of trading, the S&P 500 was up 4.9 per cent. It erased three-fifths of Monday’s loss, which was the sharpest since 2008, when global authorities banded together to rescue the economy from the financial crisis.

The volatility reflected the mood of a market just as preoccupied with the virus as the rest of the world. Since US stocks set their record high just a few weeks ago, traders have crossed over from dismissing the economic pain created by COVID-19 — thinking it’s similar to the flu and could stay mostly contained in China — to being in thrall to it — worrying that it may cause a worldwide recession.

While they won’t cure illnesses or get quarantined workers back into factories, spending and stimulus programmes would put cash into the hands of households and businesses while health experts try to corral the virus. That could stave off or at least moderate a  possible recession.

Investors saw glimmers of a coordinated response, which led to Tuesday’s optimism.

At a White House press briefing on Monday night, Trump said his administration would be asking Congress to cut payroll taxes and pass other quick measures aimed at easing the impact of the coronavirus on workers.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin also met with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, whose support would be needed for any deal in a deeply divided Congress. Mnuchin called the meeting productive.

But prices oscillated as markets waited for details of Trump’s plan.

After a meeting with major health insurers, Trump said the government is working with the cruise line industry, one of the hardest hit by the virus. That helped lift the market, which had earlier flipped to losses amid doubts that the government would announce anything soon.

Treasury yields pushed higher on Tuesday but fell back early yesterday. The bond market rang warning bells about the virus long before the stock market, and a rise in yields signals fear has receded a bit.

The 10-year Treasury yield fell to 0.67 per cent from 0.79 per cent. A week ago, it had never been below one per cent.

The S&P 500 rose 4.9 per cent to 2,882.23. The Dow Jones Industrial Average advanced 4.9 per cent to 25,018.16, and the Nasdaq composite jumped five per cent, to 8,344.25.

That pulled the market a bit further from the brink of a bear market, signified by a drop of 20 per cent from a record. The S&P 500 is down 14.9 per cent from its high. If it can rally back to that point, it would extend the longest-ever bull market, which began its climb after the market hit bottom on March 9, 2009.

Oil prices, which plunged 25 per cent on Monday amid a price war between producers, have steadied in the past two days.

For most people, the new coronavirus causes only mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness, including pneumonia.

The vast majority of people recover from the new virus. According to the World Health Organization, people with mild illness recover in about two weeks, while those with more severe illness may take three to six weeks to recover. In mainland China, where the virus first exploded, more than 80,000 people have been diagnosed and more than 58,000 have so far recovered.

But because the virus is new, experts can’t say for sure how far it will ultimately spread. That has investors worried about a worst-case scenario for corporate profits and the economy, where factories and supply chains are shut around the world due to quarantines and people stay huddled at home instead of working or spending.

ENERGY: Brent crude, the international standard, rose 81 cents to USD38.02 per barrel. It rose USD2.86, or 8.3 per cent, to USD37.22 a barrel on Tuesday. Benchmark US crude rose 50 cents to USD34.86 a barrel. It rose USD3.23 to USD34.36 a barrel on Tuesday.

CURRENCIES: The dollar fell to JPY104.32 from JPY105.64 on Tuesday. The euro rose to USD1.1352 from USD1.1283.