BRUSSELS (AFP) – A resolute European Union (EU) sought on Friday to turn the page on Brexit and move on to negotiating a looser, less favourable trading relationship with its departing British partner.
Chief EU negotiator Michel Barnier will present his draft negotiating directives to the media tomorrow as Brussels prepares to take a tough stance on defending its single market.
“We want to have the best possible relationship with the United Kingdom, but it will never be as good as membership,” European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen said.
“Our union has gained political impetus and has become a global economic powerhouse,” she said.
Later, as the British flag came down outside the European parliament buildings in Brussels and Strasbourg, France’s President Emmanuel Macron warned that Brexit was a “historic warning sign for Europe.”
And, of ties with Britain, he added: “It won’t be the same as the relationship we have had for several decades. You cannot be both in and out.”
For her part, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel said: “The more Britain moves away from the conditions of the single market, the more our future relationship will have to change.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s government has made it clear that Brexit means it will be free to diverge from EU laws on goods standards, working practices and the environment.
But EU leaders warn that the more Britain moves away from EU regulations, the less access it will have to the bloc’s huge market of around 447 million consumers.
Britain is the EU’s second biggest economy, the second biggest net contributor to the European Commission budget and represents more than 15 per cent of the bloc’s total GDP.
Nevertheless, while the messy divorce is a blow to EU prestige, the remaining 27 members remain by far the bigger commercial power.
Johnson’s negotiators may hope to exploit divisions between the remaining 27 member states to push Brussels into a favourable deal, but EU leaders insist unity will be their strength.
Appearing with EU Council President Charles Michel and European Parliament speaker David Sassoli, Von der Leyen expressed the now standard nostalgic lines of regret about the UK decision.
But all three, having met the day before at a country retreat to ensure the EU institutions were singing from the same hymn sheet, were clear that Britain can not have its cake and eat it.
“On Monday, we will open a new page in our history,” said von der Leyen, the former German defence minister. “The Commission will present its position for the negotiations. “We want the best partnership possible with the UK but it’s clear that there will always be a difference. Being a member of the EU counts. There is strength in a union.”
London understands this, as senior British minister Michael Gove told the BBC on Friday.
“We want trade to be as frictionless as possible, but the EU is clear – you can only have fully frictionless trade if you accept all their rules, you accept all their laws,” Gove said.
“But we voted to be independent.”
In Brussels, Sassoli, an Italian socialist, warned that there are “forces trying to weaken the European Union” and said Brexit should be an occasion to strengthen the bloc’s core values.
“We are the largest economy in the world,” the leader of the European Parliament declared, warning of “those who want to divide us because they’re afraid of a rule-governed world.”
Johnson is also expected to announce his government’s negotiating agenda next week, perhaps – like Barnier – as early as tomorrow.