SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA (AP) — South Korean President Moon Jae-in said yesterday that he could seek exemptions of United Nations (UN) sanctions placed on North Korea to bring about improved inter-Korean relations that he believes would help restart nuclear negotiations between Pyongyang and Washington.
Moon has previously made similar comments, despite outside worries that any lifting of sanctions could undermine United States (US)-led efforts to eliminate North Korea’s nuclear arsenal. His latest overture came about two weeks after North Korean leader Kim Jong-un threatened to bolster his nuclear deterrent in the face of what he called “gangster-like” US pressure and sanctions.
Moon said at a New Year’s news conference yesterday that greater inter-Korean cooperation would spur progress in stalemated nuclear diplomacy between North Korea and the US and help gather international support for sanctions exemptions.
“If exceptions from UN sanctions are necessary for South-North cooperation, I think we can make efforts for that,” Moon said. “I think there is a heightened need for South and North Korea to dial up their cooperation a little bit and promote North Korean-US talks, rather than just looking at North Korea-US talks.”
Moon didn’t say on what specific sanction exemptions he may need. He said last year that he would push for the exemption of UN sanctions to resume two major inter-Korean economic projects — a jointly run factory park and South Korean group tours to a scenic North Korean mountain. The projects served as a rare legitimate source of foreign currency for the North.
Moon acknowledged that efforts to boost inter-Korean ties would have limits because of the UN sanctions. But he said exchanges in sports and individual tours to North Korea are among the areas where the two Koreas can cooperate without violating the sanctions.
The prospect for Moon’s possible push to get sanctions exemptions is unclear. When South Korea’s foreign minister said in late 2018 that Seoul was considering lifting some unilateral sanctions on North Korea, US President Donald Trump responded that South Korea “won’t do that without our approval.”
Inter-Korean relations have suffered big setbacks since the breakdown of Kim’s second summit with Trump in February 2019 in Vietnam. That summit collapsed because Trump rejected Kim’s demands for broad sanctions relief in return for dismantling his main nuclear complex, a limited disarmament step. Subsequent talks between Pyongyang and Washington reportedlittle progress.
The development was a blow to Moon, a liberal who espouses greater reconciliation with North Korea. He shuttled between Kim and Trump in 2018, facilitating the early parts of US-North Korean diplomacy such as the first Trump-Kim summit in Singapore in 2018.