MEXICO CITY (AFP) – Mexico rejected last Saturday an attempt in the United States (US) Congress that would send American inspectors into Mexican factories to ensure they respect labour protections provided by the new North American trade pact.
As part of US ratification of the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), Democrats in Congress proposed designating up to five American labour attaches to monitor compliance in Mexico.
The Senate in Mexico City ratified the trade pact last Thursday, after more than two years of arduous negotiations with Washington and Ottawa. Jesus Seade, the chief Mexican trade negotiator on the accord, told reporters last Saturday that while most of the proposed US legislation was in line with expectations, the proposal for labour inspectors was not part of the agreement the three countries signed in Mexico City last Tuesday.
“For evident reasons,” he said, Mexico was not consulted about that provision.
Seade, Mexico’s Undersecretary for North America, said he had raised the matter with US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer. He travelled to Washington last Sunday to consult with members of Congress. Under Mexican law, he said, American officials “can in no case have inspection powers” in Mexico. The new pact, which replaces the 25-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), was first signed in November 2018.
But it soon bogged down in political complications, particularly in the US, where Democrats questioned whether it would really force Mexico to deliver on labour reforms meant to level the playing field between lower-wage Mexican workers and their better-paid American counterparts.
After additional talks, the pact signed last Tuesday includes tougher enforcement of labour provisions. Changes include a minimum-wage requirement for workers in the automotive industry, to be phased in over five years.
The additions won the blessing of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the Democrat needed to move the agreement forward in Congress, as well as the largest US labour federation, the AFL-CIO.
US negotiators originally proposed sending inspectors to monitor Mexican compliance, but the Mexican government rejected that approach. Instead, the three countries agreed to create mediation panels to resolve any complaints.