School-Based Assessment promotes students’ learning process

ONE of the Ministry of Education (MoE)’s initiatives in relation to the Assessment in SPN21 (AiSPN21) programmee is the introduction of a new School-Based Assessment (SBA) system at both the primary and secondary level.

The system uses SBA practice for formative intent (Assessment for Learning) as a stimulus for improving student learning and raising students’ achievement. It prioritises the learning process and reduces emphasis on exam-oriented instruction.

SBA also encourages more frequent teacher-based assessment than an external summative assessment. It assess skills or knowledge that may not be best judged by an external examination.

The system supports formative assessment which focusses on improving individual’s learning continuously rather than summative assessment, which involves making ‘snapshot judgement’ on students’ performance-based on what they should have been taught over a period of time. The feedback obtained from the SBA should be used for formative purposes (to inform learners of their learning), as well as for diagnostic and intervention purposes to plan for more effective teaching.

Learners who are having difficultlies in their learning or in understanding certain concepts should be identified early so that they can receive the support they need from the teachers and the school.

The SBA system also provides differentiated assessment that helps promote students’ growth mindset, self-efficacy and development of 21st Century skills which is essential for them to succeed in a globalised knowledge-based world, as part of the MoE’s educational strategy to fulfil the Brunei Vision 2035 goals.

SBA at primary level focusses on strengthening of formative assessment (Assessment for Learning) practice in the classroom via the EDS (Emerging, Developing, Secure) assessment model starting with three core subjects; English Language, Mathematics and Science (EMS), from Years 1 to 6 in 2018. This is followed by Years 1 to 6 non-EMS subjects (Islamic Religious Knowledge, Malay, Islamic Monarchy, Malay Language and non-core subjects) in the year 2021.

SBA at secondary level adopts the ‘Task-Based Model’ approach, that is, using differentiated SBA tasks designed to promote students’ literacy, numeracy and scientific literacy proficiency level as well as the essential 21st Century skills.

The new SBA has been implemented at Years 7 and 8 for English Language, Mathematics and Science this year, and this will be followed by Years 9 and 10 EMS in the consecutive years.

By 2022, non-EMS subjects for secondary level will be included in the SBA system. – MoE