| Thu Trang |
QUANG NINH (Viet Nam News/ANN) – Luu Thi Tan is a happy, relieved mother.
The 26-year-old ethnic Thai woman has given birth to two healthy daughters with minimum fuss, which in itself might not be something extraordinary, but considering that she and her husband are, in her own words, “floating on rivers all day to earn our living,” she has reason to be thankful.
It is thanks to the careful support and supervision of local medical workers during her pregnancy and delivery that Tan was able to safely deliver her two children.
The native of the central province of Thanh Hoa used to be worried about many women in her community and hometown give birth at home, exposing themselves to a lot of risk.
After their marriage, Tan and her husband moved to Van Yen Commune, Van Don District in the northern province of Quang Ninh.
They fish in rivers for a living and earn about VND2-4 million (US$90-180) per month. Despite this, she was able to receive good, regular care, courtesy of the Van Yen Commune Medical Station.
“Although my husband and I are on the boat most of the time, the medical workers still call and tell me to return to the mainland for examination,” said Tan.
She had four prenatal examinations during her pregnancy, and vaccinations on schedule.
“Thanks to the good care, I did not have any problems from when I became pregnant till giving birth to my daughters safely,” she said.
When her date drew close, the staff asked her to move to the Van Yen Commune Medical Station and wait for delivery.
Tan’s first daughter is five years and her second daughter is two months. They have also received their vaccinations on schedule.
Le Thi Chien, head of the Van Yen Commune Medical Station, said that despite a manpower shortage, the staff tried their best to take care local residents’ health, especially pregnant women and women in the child-bearing age.
The station does not have a doctor. With 338 households in the commune, the two physician assistants and two nurses are kept busy all day.
On average, about 30 women in the commune get pregnant each year, so there is need for constant attention.
“We go to different houses in the commune and inform the women how important it is to breastfeed their babies for at least the first six months. We also guide them on the weaning process and try to ensure that vaccinations are administered as scheduled,” said Chien.
The station also conducts courses on reproductive health for young persons and women having children under two years in the commune.
In providing reproductive healthcare for women and girls, the commune station is helped by medical staff at the district level.
Vu Thi Thanh Thuy, deputy director of the Van Don District Medical Centre and also head of its Obstetrics Ward, said four doctors and nine nurses in the ward worked with “all their heart” to fulfil their tasks.
“All women of child-bearing age are given information and advice related to reproductive health and safe pregnancy,” said Thuy.
The medical staff regularly attends professional training courses in the province and also in other localities.
The centre receives a lot of support from upper-level hospitals, said Thuy.
“In serious cases, we consult with provincial obstetrics and paediatrics hospitals and ask for guidance,” she said.
Thanks to this co-operation, patients do not have to move around much, and are able to save a lot of time and effort.
Visiting the Van Yen Commune Medical Station and the Van Don District Medical Centre, Bjorn Andersson, regional director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Asia Pacific Regional Office, said “I have very good impressions of what happens in the clinics and how the patients are treated.”
Andersson said that he found that at the medical station and centre in the commune and district, respectively, he found that the staff maintained good contact with patients as they discussed with young pregnant women how they were feeling, and found out if they were getting enough nutrition and food.
“The medical staff is doing a heroic job. Midwives and nurses who help women deliver safely, they are heroes,” he said.
“Vietnam has made progress in reproductive health and reproductive rights,” he said.
Vice President of Vietnam Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh, said that she was “optimistic that this conference in Vietnam will provide an excellent platform for scientists, researchers and programme officers in Vietnam to meet, listen, share experiences and come up with comprehensive solution”.
She said that over the last few years, the Vietnamese Communist Party and Government have enacted many policies and legal documents, allocated resources for family planning and SRHR, and have achieved many important outcomes.
The indexes in this field are relatively good compared to other countries with the same level of per capita income, she said.
Statistics compiled by the health ministry shows that Vietnam’s performance on the health of mother and child is better than many countries at the same per capita income level.
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) declined significantly from 233 in 1990 to 69 per 100,000 live births in 2009.
The United Nations estimates that Vietnam’s MMR further declined to 56 per 100,000 live births in 2015. The infant mortality rate has also decreased significantly from 44.4 in 1990 to 14.9 per 1,000 in 2014. The under-five mortality rate also went down from 58 per 1,000 in 1990 to 22.4 per 1,000 in 2014.