DUE to continuous monitoring by the Ministry of Health based on information and guidelines by the World Health Organization (WHO), no cases of the Ebola Virus Disease have been reported in Brunei Darussalam..
Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is one that is serious, with a high death rate and can infect humans and animals such as bats, monkeys, chimpanzees and gorillas. It can be transmitted from human to human through direct contact with a patient’s body fluids, such as blood, saliva, excreta etc.
To date, there is no vaccine or specific treatment for the disease.
As of October 14, 2014, WHO has reported 9,216 cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) with 4,555 deaths in affected countries. Majority of the cases were reported in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea.
Symptoms include fever, muscle aches, headache, sore throat, lethargy and weakness. Patients will then experience vomiting, diarrhoea, rashes, kidney failure and liver failure. Some patients will also have unexplained bleeding or bruising. A patient is infective when he starts showing symptoms.
Based on risk analysis and information received from the WHO, the Western Pacific Region including Brunei Darussalam has been assessed to be at low risk for the likelihood of Ebola virus infection. The public is therefore urged not to panic about the situation.
The Ministry of Health will continue to monitor the situation and has taken the following vigilance, preparedness and preventive measures:
– Strengthening the preparedness of the Ministry of Health in facing the outbreak, including the dissemination of information as well as prevention and control measures,
– National preparedness and response requirements, especially by the Ministry of Health, including Standard Operating Procedures, in line with the WHO’s guidelines and best practices in managing infectious diseases, including Ebola Virus Disease (EVD),
– Ensuring the readiness of the National Isolation Centre, including treatment requirements such as sufficient drugs and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE),
– Conducting tabletop exercises to test the appropriateness and operationalisation of Ebola Virus Disease Preparedness Plan for Brunei,
– Strengthening cooperation network with regional health institutions and the WHO for clinical management including laboratory tests, and
– From October 17, 2014, passengers arriving in Brunei through the Brunei International Airport are required to complete the Health Declaration Card. Those identified as arriving from affected countries will undergo a health examination.
As a precaution, the ministry has advised the public to avoid visiting the affected areas, especially where widespread and sustained transmission of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is reported.
The ministry will continue to monitor the Ebola Virus Disease outbreak and seek latest advice and information from the WHO. Whenever necessary, the ministry will inform the public of any developments regarding the outbreak.
Further information can be obtained by contacting the Healthline at 145 or by browsing the Ministry of Health’s website at www.moh.gov.bn.