BAGHDAD (AFP) – The Iraqi government transferred $500 million to the autonomous Kurdish region on Wednesday as part of a deal aimed at ending long-running oil and budget disputes, the finance minister said.
The move eases tensions between the federal and regional governments, paving the way for a lasting settlement as well as possible increased cooperation against jihadists they are both fighting.
“The Iraqi finance ministry on Wednesday transferred the amount of 583 billion Iraqi dinars, which equals $500 million, to the account of the regional government,” Hoshyar Zebari said at a news conference.
Upholding its side of the deal to transfer 150,000 barrels of crude per day to Baghdad’s control, the three-province Kurdish region began moving oil to federal oil tanks in the Turkish port of Ceyhan on Tuesday, Zebari said.
“This mutual implementation means that the two sides are ready to resolve all the other issues and all the issues are up for discussion,” he said.
Baghdad has long opposed the Kurdish region’s independent export of oil, while Kurdish leaders have sharply criticised Baghdad for withholding budget payments to the region for much of this year.
The two sides are also at odds over control of a swathe of northern territory that the Kurds want to incorporate into their autonomous region, a move Baghdad strongly opposes.
The deal is one of the most significant achievements of the new Iraqi government of Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi, and marks an important improvement in ties between Baghdad and Arbil, which reached new lows under the previous premier.
In praising the deal, Oil Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi had previously said that it eases a dispute “that threatens not only economic, security and political interests, but also threatens national unity.”
It comes at a time when both federal and Kurdish forces are battling jihadists of the Islamic State group, which spearheaded an offensive that has overrun large areas of the country since June.
Federal and Kurdish forces have worked together in some specific battles, but largely seem to have fought their own separate wars so far.