JAKARTA (Bernama) – Indonesia has always believed in the peaceful use of nuclear energy and has been strongly committed to pursuing nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, Indonesia’s Antara news agency reported.
As a country with a population of some 250 million, the Indonesian government has utilised nuclear science and technology to breed food crops and hopes to have a nuclear power plant (PLTN) to produce energy.
Secretary general of Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry (ESDM) M. Teguh Pamuji said Indonesia expects to have an operational nuclear power plant by 2030 as envisioned in the government’s Draft National Energy General Plan (RUEN).
Abadi Poernomo, a member of National Energy Council (DEN), said that until 2030 the use of fossil energy from coal, gas and oil will continue to be the dominant sources of energy.
To promote security and safe use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) head Djarot S. Wisnubroto on Sept 29 inaugurated the Centre for Security Culture and Assessment (CSCA) in Serpong, Banten province.
The centre is expected to serve as a source of inspiration to other countries.
BATAN has implemented independent assessment methodologies in its nuclear reactors in Serpong, Bandung and Yogyakarta.
“It is not easy to maintain the safety and security of nuclear reactors. An improved culture of nuclear security will offer a greater assurance that the entire nuclear security system will accomplish its functions,” Djarot said.
These include preventing, detecting and responding to theft, unauthorised access, illegal transfer and other malicious acts involving radioactive material, facilities and transport.
BATAN has obtained recognition from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) which CSCA executive Khairul said had motivated BATAN to establish the CSCA in Southeast Asia.
“Indonesia is leading in the field of nuclear security. Not all countries understand the need for implementing strong security measures,” IAEA representative Kazuko Hamada said.
Nuclear expert Igor Khripunov at University of Georgia, US said Indonesia could serve as a model of nuclear safety and security to other countries.a