BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) – The large electrical transformers bound for Mexico were the perfect place to hide cocaine. It was a matter of chemistry to dilute the drug into an oil mixture that could be concealed as coolant, a job handled by a Mexican engineer working discretely in a suburban warehouse near Buenos Aires.
The transformers carrying two tonnes of liquefied cocaine from Bolivia were loaded onto a cargo vessel at a Buenos Aires port and shipped out to sea. But investigators had been watching the operation and when the shipment arrived, an Argentine judge was on hand to insist on a test that, to the astonishment of authorities at one of Mexico’s most secure ports, revealed the drug.
The traffickers, Judge Sandra Arroyo said, had used “an ingenious and logistically novel method for the deception”.
The interception earlier this year called attention to a worrying trend in Argentina, the increasing use of its roads and ports as a trade route for cocaine and other drugs bound for markets in the US, Europe and beyond.
Bordered by long stretches of sparsely developed land to its north and west, and 3,100 miles (nearly 5,000 kilometres) of Atlantic coastline on the east, Argentina is proving attractive for traffickers exporting cocaine from neighboring Bolivia and from nearby Peru, which last year surpassed Colombia to become the world’s biggest cocaine producer.
US-led efforts to stifle the drug trade in more northern countries and in the Caribbean have pushed the traffic south to Argentina, according to drug experts and justice officials.
The country also is proving to be a place where artisans are crafty at hiding contraband. Drugs passing through Argentina have been found in the hollow frames of wheelchairs, molded into religious statues, tucked into baby diapers, in shipments of lumber and apples, and hidden in Louis XV-styled furniture.
“Argentina’s specialty is logistics,” said Marcelo Aguinsky, a criminal judge who has investigated trafficking cases. Its status as a shipping point for all sorts of Europe-bound products, he said, “has made it an important logistical platform.”
Argentine authorities have not publicly released statistics on the drug trade, a subject considered sensitive by the government of Cristina Fernandez. But several narcotics experts told The Associated Press that seizures being made at sea and abroad point to more drugs passing through the country.
Argentina “is used to send drugs to Europe,” said Soren Pedersen, spokesman for Europol, an umbrella organisation for European Union police forces. “This isn’t a phenomenon that is completely new, but the signs that Latin American cartels are operating from there and especially maritime seizures (indicate) that it has increased.”
In 2013, 6.1 tonnes of cocaine were seized according to Argentine officials who asked not to be named because they were not authorised to speak publicly about the matter.
While that’s far less than the hundreds of tons seized each year in countries such as Peru, Colombia or Mexico, officials say the amounts seized in Argentina have been trending higher since 2010.
On average, between 70 tonnes and 110 tonnes of cocaine and other drugs move through Argentina, according to a US federal antidrug official who refused to be named because he was not authorised to talk publicly about the matter. Judging from recent drug busts in Europe, Africa and Asia, he said, the figure for 2014 could be higher.
The rising use of Argentina as a passageway is also leading to greater consumption within the country, fueling growing violence between gangs battling to control turf and markets.
For example, the city of Rosario sits at a strategically important pathway between Argentina’s northern border and Buenos Aires. Last year, the city of fewer than one million people had a homicide rate of 27 per 100,000 inhabitants, up from 15.2 per 100,000 a year earlier and nearly four times the rate for the much larger city of Buenos Aires, officials said.
Observers say Rosario’s important position as a transit point is leading to corruption, evidenced by the arrest last year of the police chief for Santa Fe, the province that includes Rosario, who allegedly provided protection for an Argentine dealer and conspired with him to sell drugs.
Arroyo, the judge who in April insisted that Mexican port officials test the transformer oil, said the investigation into that case suggests Argentina’s role in the drug trade is expanding and that major drug cartels use Argentina “no longer just as a strategic route for drug smuggling and money laundering activities, but also for several stages of drug manufacture … preparation and conditioning of significantly sized shipments.”