LOS ANGELES (AFP) -A measles outbreak centered around Disneyland in California has spread to six more US states and Mexico, and an international visitor to the theme park likely sparked the health alert, officials said Friday.
Fifty-one confirmed cases of measles have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since late December, the US government agency said in a statement, most in California but others as far afield as Nebraska and Washington states.
The CDC said those who had fallen ill were aged from 10 months to 57 years and only a tiny fraction were vaccinated against measles, in the face of an anti-vaccination trend that has emerged in recent years, particularly in North America.
Opponents fear the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine causes autism, even though an array of studies have ruled out any link.
Measles has been officially eradicated from the United States since 2000 while remaining widespread in other regions including Europe, Africa and Asia.
“In addition to the US cases, one case was reported from Mexico in an unvaccinated child who visited Disneyland Resort Theme Parks on December 17 and December 20, 2014,” the CDC said.
While health officials have yet to isolate the source of the outbreak, “it is likely that a traveler (or more than one traveller) who was infected with measles overseas visited one or both of the Disney parks in December during their infectious period,” the CDC added.
Most – 42 – of the 51 cases are in California, but three more have been found in Utah, two in Washington, and one each in Oregon, Colorado, Nebraska and Arizona.