| Lyna Mohamad |
THE Land Transport Master Plan has set its sights on offering the general public an integrated, efficient, safe, clean and rapid land transport system in Brunei.
Reducing car dependency has been identified as one of four strategies in realising this goal, for which the Ministry of Communications will take the lead.
The Reducing Car Dependency Strategy spans across the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), enhancing the bus system and improving taxis, water transportation, active transport (walking and cycling), Active Travel Working Group and the National School Bus System.
In reducing car dependency, the Master Plan points at better connection for alternative modes – BRT, ‘Park n Ride’, Public Transport Interchange (PTI), BRT Feeder Bus Service, enhancing bus system and taxis, National School Bus System as well as walking and cycling facilities.
BRT, ‘Park and Ride’ and PTI will feature the BRT Line 1 (2021-24) – from Sengkurong to BSB via Jalan Tutong, BRT Line 2 (2020) – from Kilanas to Gadong via Jalan Gadong, BRT Line 3 (2021-24) – from Tungku to Gadong, and BRT Line 4 (2019) – from the Brunei Airport to BSB.
The BRT quantitative targets by 2035 are set at 48km BRT (4 Lines); 126 BRT buses; BRT frequencies at four minutes; three ‘Park n Ride’ facilities to be located in Tungku, Airport and Kilanas; three Public Transport Interchanges (PTI) to be located at Rimba, Gadong and BSB; 29,000 BRT trips during AM peak; and 228,000 BRT trips every day. It will come at a capital cost of $3,239 million.
Meanwhile, the quantitative targets for enhancing the bus system by 2035 are to replace the entire bus fleet and increase it to 275 vehicles (105 in 2013), reform the bus franchising system, to have the average bus frequencies of 10 minutes (35 minutes in 2013), 8,000 bus trips during AM peak (1,000 in 2013) and better online travel information.
Other targets include integrated fares and ticketing, annual market research, to improve sub regional services (frequency, extension, routes, CIQS procedures for customs) and to have 22 per cent of trips be via public transport (one per cent in 2013) at a capital cost of $104 million.
These two targets will be implemented respectively by the BRT Project Group and the new Department of Bus.
The quantitative target for the National School Bus System by 2035 is to increase the number of school buses from 465 to 930, as the number of students rises from 9,000 to 27,000. This will be implemented by the new School Bus Working Group at a capital cost of $592 million.
Under the Master Plan, the key output to improving taxis by 2035 are to increase the taxi fleet size to 400, delivery of taxi franchises, offer better quality taxis, improved taxi facilities, have a central taxi calling centre, improvement in passenger information, and to adopt consistent and fair charging. At a capital cost of $42 million, this is to be implemented by the new Department of Taxi.
To improve water transportation, there needs to be improved docking locations at Muara Terminal, New Central BSB Terminal and Bangar Terminal, new docking facilities in Gadong, Kiulap, RIPAS Hospital, government administrative district, airport and water village.
The key output also includes strengthening navigational safety, new marine safety code and improved passenger information. This comes at a capital cost of $42 million.
In managing road traffic, which comes under the identified ‘Keep Traffic Moving’ strategy, there are plans to establish a BSB Urban Smart Travel Zone (BUSTZ), which is prioritised for public transport, city centre shuttle, regulated parking provision and consideration of road user charging.
Other contents under Managing Road Traffic, which will be led by the Ministry of Development, are Transport Asset Management Plan (TAMP), Freight Vehicle Management Plan and Annual Customer Satisfaction Survey.
It will come at a capital cost of $540 million.
Its quantitative targets for 2035 include 138km new road, 24km upgraded road, one per cent of road over capacity (20 per cent in reference case) and that 60 per cent of trips will take under 30 minutes (29 percent in reference case) at a capital cost $4,164 million.
Meanwhile, the Network Management and Control System (NMCS) under the Intelligent Transport Systems Implementation Plan will provide the overall picture of travel conditions, respond to accidents, incidents and other disruption and provide real-time information to users and agents.
The plan also includes Brunei Transport Management and Control Centre (BTMCC) and integrating fares, ticketing and payment collection with the plan capital cost set at $13 million.